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Guardian of Digital Security: Cyber Security Engineer

become a cyber security engineer

Cyber security engineers play a crucial role in combating the rising tide of cybercrime. In the digital adaptation and interconnectedness era, online privacy has become paramount. With the ever-increasing number of cyber threats and attacks, the need for cyber security engineer to safeguard our digital world has never been more crucial.

Therefore, enter the cyber security industry and become a guardian at the forefront of defending our virtual realm. Keep reading the blog till the end to get familiar with the roadmap to becoming a top-notch cyber security engineer and earning huge in the IT industry.

Who is a Cyber Security Engineer?

A cybersecurity engineer is accountable for designing, implementing, and maintaining secure computer systems, networks, and infrastructure and protecting organizations from cyber threats. They play a vital role in guarding sensitive information and maintaining integrity, confidentiality, and availability of digital assets. 

What is the need for a Cyber Security Engineer in IT?

With the rise in cybercrime, IT firms hire cyber security engineers to ensure data, networks, and information security. Therefore, the expertise of cyber security engineers protects crucial information, prevents data breaches, and guarantees the integrity of networks. Their skills in vulnerability assessment, intrusion detection, and incident response are essential for maintaining a secure and resilient online environment.

“Cybersecurity is a race without a finish line.” – Howard Schmidt.

Cybercriminals have targeted not just large but small businesses too. Therefore, nobody is utterly secure in this advancing era. Here are a few examples of the world’s hazardous data breaches-

  • Marriott International Data Breach (2014) 

Marriott Hotels breach lead hackers to steal customer names, contact information, and passport details of 5.2 million guests. It took four years for them to notice the compromise, which cost them £18.4M in fines. 

Marriott International Data Breach (2014)
  • WannaCry Ransomware Attack (2017)

The WannaCry ransomware attack encrypted the files of 200,000+ victims in 150 countries, causing damage of billions of dollars.

WannaCry Ransomware Attack (2017)
  • NotPetya Ransomware Attack (2017)

NotPetya ransomware attack caused estimated damage of $10 billion.

NotPetya Ransomware Attack (2017)
  • Aadhaar Data Breach (2018)

Aadhaar Data Breach leaked the details of 1.1 billion registered citizens.

Aadhaar Data Breach (2018)

What is the role of a Cyber Security Engineer in IT?

“A cybersecurity engineer’s job is to make the attacker’s job as difficult as possible.” – Bruce Schneier.

The role of a Cyber Security Engineer in IT are as follows-

  • Security Infrastructure Design

Cyber Security Engineers design and implement the necessary security infrastructure, firewalls, intrusion detection systems, virtual private networks (VPNs), and other security tools and analyze the organization’s IT architecture and network to identify potential vulnerabilities and develop strategies to mitigate risks.

  • Threat Detection and Prevention

Cyber Security Engineers monitor networks and systems for suspicious activities and potential security breaches using various techniques and tools to detect and respond to security incidents.

  • Incident Response

Cyber Security Engineers investigate and contain the incident during a security breach working closely with incident response teams to analyze the breach.

  • Security Policy Development

Cyber Security Engineers develop and enforce security policies and procedures to ensure security measures by conducting awareness training.

  • Security Monitoring and Auditing

Cyber Security Engineers monitor the organization’s systems and networks by analyzing logs, conducting security audits, and implementing measures to improve the overall security technologies.

  • Security Architecture Review

Cyber Security Engineers inspect and assess the security architecture before implementation with development teams to identify and mitigate potential security flaws.

  • Security Incident Documentation and Reporting

 Cyber Security Engineers maintain security incidents, their impact and remediation by preparing reports for improving security practices.

How does a Cyber Security Engineer safeguard tech from malicious hacking?

A Cyber Security Engineer can safeguard tech from malicious hacking by following the given steps-

  • Implementing encryption protocols.
  • Conducting regular security assessments and vulnerability scans.
  • Developing and enforcing strict access controls and authentication mechanisms.
  • Monitoring network traffic and analyzing logs for suspicious activities.
  • Keeping software and systems up to date.
  • Implementing robust firewalls and intrusion detection systems.
  • Enforcing strong password policies.
  • Utilizing multi-factor authentication.
  • Employing advanced threat detection and prevention technologies.
  • Continuously monitor and analyze emerging threats and adapt security measures accordingly.

What are the typical kinds of Cyberattacks?

The common Cyberattacks in IT are as follows-

  • Network Intrusion

Unauthorized access or infiltration into a computer network with the intent to gain control, gather sensitive information, or disrupt normal operations is known as Network Intrusion.

  • Data Breach

The unauthorized or unintentional release of sensitive or confidential information leads to potential harm or misuse of compromised data, known as a Data Breach.

  • Denial of Service Attack

An intentional attempt to overwhelm a system or network with excessive traffic or requests, denying legitimate users access to the service, refers to a Denial of Service Attack.

  • Password Cracking

The process of obtaining a user’s password through guessing, brute-forcing, or using advanced algorithms is known as Password Cracking.

  • Phishing

A type of cyber attack where attackers impersonate legitimate entities or individuals to deceive users into revealing sensitive information, such as passwords, credit card details, or personal data, usually through fraudulent emails, messages, or websites, is called Phishing.

  • Virus

A type of malicious software that self-replicates and spreads to other computer systems or files damaged by altering or corrupting data is called Virus Attack.

  • UI Redress

A technique used in web-based attacks to manipulate the appearance of a website’s user interface (UI) to deceive users or gain unauthorized access to sensitive information refers to UI Redress.

  • Cookie Theft

The unauthorized acquisition of web browser cookies, which store user information, by exploiting vulnerabilities or intercepting network traffic to gain unauthorized access to their accounts refers to Cookie Theft.

  • DNS Spoofing

A technique where attackers manipulate the Domain Name System (DNS) resolution process to redirect users to malicious websites refers to DNS Spoofing.

  • Malware-Injection Devices

Physical devices or compromised systems used by attackers to introduce malware into target networks or devices by exploiting vulnerabilities or weaknesses in the system’s security are Malware-Injection Devices.

  • SQL Injection Attack

A type of attack that exploits security vulnerabilities in a web application’s database layer by injecting malicious SQL code, allowing attackers to access, modify, or delete data, refers to SQL Injection Attack.

  • Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)

A web-based attack where malicious code gets injected into a trusted website, which executes the code in the victim’s browser, enabling the attacker to steal information, manipulate website content, or launch further attacks, is known as Cross-Site Scripting.

  • Session Hijacking

The unauthorized takeover of an active user session by an attacker by intercepting or stealing session identifiers to gain unauthorized access or perform malicious actions on their behalf refers to Session Hijacking.

  • Credential Reuse

Using the same username and password combination across multiple accounts or services poses a security risk referring to Credential Reuse.

What are the kinds of hackers in IT?

The kinds of malicious hackers in IT are as follows-

  • White Hat Hackers

White Hat Hackers use their hacking skills for legal and ethical purposes to help organizations identify and fix security vulnerabilities, ensuring systems and data security.

  • Black Hat Hackers

Black Hat Hackers engage in illegal and malicious activities and exploit security vulnerabilities for personal gains, such as stealing sensitive information, causing damage, or engaging in cybercrime.

  • Gray Hat Hackers

Gray Hat Hackers fall somewhere between White Hat and Black Hat Hackers since they hack systems without authorization but without malicious intent. They might notify the organization about the vulnerabilities they discover but may not always follow legal procedures.

  • Script Kiddies

Script kiddies lack advanced hacking skills and knowledge and rely on pre-existing hacking tools or scripts to launch attacks, often without fully understanding the underlying mechanisms.

  • Green Hat Hackers

Green Hat Hackers are beginner or novice hackers learning the hacking criteria in IT.

  • Blue Hat Hackers

Blue Hat Hackers are individuals who are not affiliated with an organization but get invited by a company to test their security measures. 

  • Red Hat Hackers

Red Hat Hackers get often associated with Linux operating systems, specifically the Red Hat Enterprise Linux distribution.

  • State/Nation-Sponsored Hackers

State/Nation-Sponsored Hackers get employed by governments or state agencies to conduct cyber espionage, gather intelligence, or launch cyber attacks on other nations or targets.

  • Hacktivist

Hacktivists hack into systems for political or ideological reasons and aim to raise awareness, promote a particular cause, or retaliate against perceived injustice.

  • Malicious Insider or Whistleblower

Malicious Insider or Whistleblower includes individuals who have authorized access to a system but abuse that access for personal gain or to expose wrongdoing within an organization. Whistleblowers are individuals who disclose sensitive information in the public interest.

What is the scope of a Cyber Security Engineer in IT?

A Cyber Security Engineer safeguards systems, networks, and data from malicious threats and attacks by implementing security measures, monitoring for vulnerabilities, conducting risk assessments, developing incident response plans, and ensuring compliance with industry standards and regulations. 

Since everyone requires cybersecurity, the demand for cyber security engineers is at its peak. Thus, the scope of the Cyber Security Engineer in IT is very bright and promising.

How can I become a Cyber Security Engineer in IT?

To become a Cyber Security Engineer in IT, you need to follow the given steps- 

  • Obtain a Bachelor’s Degree
  • Gain Knowledge and Skills
  • Acquire Relevant Certifications
  • Gain Practical Experience
  • Build a Strong Foundation in IT
  • Develop Specialized Skills
  • Stay Updated and Engage in the Community
  • Network and Seek Mentorship
  • Prepare for Job Interviews
  • Start Your Job Search

What are the prerequisites to becoming a Cyber Security Engineer in IT?

The prerequisites to becoming a Cyber Security Engineer in IT are as follows-

  • Bachelor’s degree in computer science, information technology, or a related field
  • Basic networking knowledge
  • Fundamental programming skills to help you analyze and develop security solutions.
  • Familiarity with operating systems
  • Hands-on industry experience
  • Understanding of security tools
  • Analytical and problem-solving skills

What is the roadmap to becoming a Cyber Security Engineer in IT?

The roadmap to becoming a Cyber Security Engineer in IT is as follows-


By following the given roadmap, you can acquire basic to advance skills and become an efficient Cyber Security Engineer in IT.

What courses must I opt for to become a Cyber Security expert?

The courses you must opt for to become a Cyber Security expert are as follows-

  • CEH (v12)

The Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) course provides hands-on training in understanding and implementing the tools and techniques to identify and fix vulnerabilities in computer systems.


The Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) course equips professionals with the knowledge and skills to design, implement, and manage an organization’s cybersecurity program, covering risk management, cryptography, and network security.

  • CompTIA PenTest+

The CompTIA PenTest+ course teaches the skills to identify and exploit vulnerabilities in network infrastructure and applications, preparing individuals for a career in penetration testing and ethical hacking.

  • CompTIA Security+

The CompTIA Security+ course offers a broad understanding of network security concepts, covering network infrastructure, cryptography, and access control, enabling individuals to secure network environments and respond to security incidents effectively.

  • CompTIA CySA+

The CompTIA Cybersecurity Analyst+ (CySA+) course stresses behavioral analytics and data analysis to detect and prevent cybersecurity threats, providing professionals with the skills to secure and protect organizational systems and networks.

  • RedHat Linux

The RedHat Linux course provides comprehensive training on the Red Hat Linux operating system, covering system administration, network configuration, security, and shell scripting, to manage and maintain Linux-based systems.

  • MCSA – Windows Server

The MCSA – Windows Server course offers in-depth instruction on the Microsoft Windows Server platform, comprising installation, configuration, storage management, networking, and Active Directory administration to manage Windows Server environments.

  • Palo Alto Firewall

The Palo Alto Firewall course focuses on configuring and managing Palo Alto Networks firewalls, equipping individuals with the knowledge to effectively secure network traffic, prevent threats, and implement advanced security features.

  • CheckPoint Firewall

The CheckPoint Firewall course covers the installation, configuration, and management of CheckPoint firewalls, enabling individuals to design and implement secure network infrastructures and protect against cyber threats.

  • Fortigate Firewall

The Fortigate Firewall course provides comprehensive training on Fortinet’s Fortigate firewalls, covering firewall policies, VPN configuration, and advanced threat protection, empowering individuals to secure networks and mitigate cyber risks.

  • ASA & FTD Firewall

The ASA & FTD Firewall course focuses on Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) and Firepower Threat Defense (FTD) firewalls, offering practical skills in firewall deployment, configuration, and troubleshooting to protect networks from unauthorized access and cyber threats.

  • Sophos XG

The Sophos XG course covers the configuration and management of Sophos XG firewalls, teaching individuals how to secure networks, control user access, and defend against evolving cyber threats using advanced security features and technologies.

Where should I enroll to learn the top Cyber Security courses in IT?

Though countless ed-tech platforms provide IT course training, if you strive to enroll in top-notch Cyber Security programs, Network Kings is the best resort. Therefore, secure your seat today to upscale in IT and earn huge as a Cyber Security Engineer.

Why should I choose Network Kings for the Cyber Security training?

You must choose Network Kings for the Cyber Security course training since it provides the following benefits-

  • 24/7 access to the virtual labs with zero downtime.
  • Career guidance through career counsellors.
  • Economical fees for all the certifications.
  • Live doubt-clearance sessions with industry experts.
  • Tips and tricks to crack interviews and exams.
  • Live interactive classes with trainers.
  • Certificate of completion after each course.

What skills will I learn with the Cyber Security training at Network Kings?

You will learn the given skills with the Cyber Security training at Network Kings-

  • Understanding the Threat Landscape
  • Designing and Implementing Secure Systems
  • Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing
  • Incident Response and Disaster Recovery
  • Secure Network Architecture and Infrastructure
  • Cryptography and Encryption Techniques
  • Security Auditing and Compliance
  • Cyber Security Policies and Best Practices
  • Ethical Hacking and Offensive Security
  • Collaboration and Communication Skills

What are the exam details for each Cyber Security course at Network Kings?

The exam details for each Cyber Security course at Network Kings are as follows-

  • CEH (V12)

Exam Name Certified Ethical Hacker (312-50)

Exam Cost USD 100

Exam Format Multiple Choice

Total Questions 125 Questions

Passing Score 60% to 85%

Exam Duration 4 Hours

Languages English

Testing Center Pearson Vue


  • CISSP Training

Exam Name ISC2 Certified Information Systems Security Professional

Exam Code CISSP

Exam Cost USD 749

Exam Duration 4 Hours

Number of Questions 125-175

Exam Format MCQs

Passing Marks 700/1000 points

Exam Language English

Testing Center (ISC)^2 authorized PPC, PVTC Select Pearson VUE 


  • CompTIA PenTest+

Exam Code PT0-002

Exam Code 392 USD

Number of Questions Maximum of 85 questions

Type of Questions Performance-based and multiple choice

Length of Test 165 minutes

Passing Score 750

Languages English, Japanese, Portuguese and Thai

Testing Provider Pearson VUE


  • CompTIA Security+

Exam Code SY0-601

Number of Questions Maximum of 90 questions

Type of Questions Multiple choice and performance-based

Length of Test 90 minutes

Passing Score 750

Exam Cost USD 392

Testing Provider Pearson VUE

Languages English, Japanese, Vietnamese, Thai, Portuguese


  • CompTIA CySA+

Exam Name CompTIA CySA+

Exam Code CS0-003

Exam Cost USD 392

Exam Format Multiple-choice and performance-based questions

Total Questions 85 Questions

Passing Score 750/900

Exam Duration 165 Minutes

Languages English, Japanese, Portuguese, and Spanish

Testing Center Pearson VUE


  • Palo Alto Firewall

Exam Code PCNSE PAN-OS 10

Exam Level Associate

Exam Cost USD 175

Exam Duration 80 Minutes

Exam Format MCQs & Multiple Response

Total Questions 75 Questions

Passing Score Variable (70-80 / 100 Approx.)


Exam Code PCNSA PAN-0S 10

Exam Level Associate

Exam Cost USD 155

Exam Duration 80 Minutes

Exam Format MCQs & Multiple Response

Total Questions 50-60 Questions

Passing Score Variable (70-80 / 100 Approx.)


  • CheckPoint Firewall

Exam Code CCSA 156-215.81

Exam Level Associate

Exam Cost USD 250

Exam Duration 90 Minutes

Exam Format MCQs & Multiple Response

Total Questions 90 Questions

Passing Score 70%


Exam Code 156-315.81

Exam Level Professional

Exam Cost USD 250

Exam Duration 90 Minutes

Exam Format MCQs & Multiple Response

Total Questions 100

Passing Score 70%


  • FortiGate Firewall


Exam Level Associate

Exam Cost USD 400

Exam Duration 105 Minutes

Exam Format MCQs & Multiple Response

Total Questions 60 Questions

Passing Score 60%


Exam Name Fortinet NSE 7—Enterprise Firewall 7.0

Exam Series NSE7_EFW-7.0

Exam Duration 60 minutes

Exam Format Multiple-choice Questions

Total Questions 35

Language English and Japanese

Version FortiOS 7.0.1, FortiManager 7.0.1, FortiAnalyzer 7.0.1


Exam Name Fortinet NSE 7—SD-WAN 7.0

Exam Series NSE7_SDW-7.0

Time Allowed 60 minutes

Exam Questions 35 multiple-choice questions

Language English

Product Version FortiOS 7.0.3, FortiManager 7.0.2, FortiAnalyzer 7.0.2


  • ASA & FTD Firewall

Exam Number 642-618

Exam Cost USD 800

Exam Duration Approximately 90 minutes 

Language English

Register for Exam Pearson VUE

Types of Questions Multiple-choice Questions

Number of Questions 60-70 questions

Passing Score 769


  • Sophos XG Firewall

Exam Name Sophos XG Firewall

Exam Code v18

Exam Cost USD 1450

Exam Format Multiple-choice questions

Total Questions 70 questions

Passing Score 75%

Exam Duration 90 minutes

Languages English, Japanese

Testing Center Pearson VUE

What are the job opportunities after Cyber Security course training?

The job opportunities after Cyber Security course training are as follows-

  • Security Analyst
  • Ethical Hacker
  • Security Consultant
  • Incident Responder
  • Security Engineer
  • Penetration Tester
  • Security Architect
  • Cryptographer
  • Forensic Analyst
  • Security Operations Center (SOC) Analyst
  • Threat Intelligence Analyst
  • Security Auditor
  • Network Security Engineer
  • Application Security Engineer
  • Security Manager
  • Identity and Access Management (IAM) Specialist
  • Security Operations Manager
  • Data Privacy Officer
  • Security Awareness and Training Specialist
  • Chief Information Security Officer (CISO)

What are the salary aspects after earning the Cyber Security certification in IT?

The salary aspects after earning the Cyber Security certification in IT are as follows-

  • United States: USD 93,000 – USD 154,000 per year
  • United Kingdom: GBP 40,000 – GBP 70,000 per year
  • Canada: CAD 70,000 – CAD 110,000 per year
  • Germany: EUR 50,000 – EUR 80,000 per year
  • Australia: AUD 81,000 – AUD 130,500 per year
  • France: EUR 40,000 – EUR 70,000 per year
  • Japan: JPY 5,500,000 – JPY 9,000,000 per year
  • Singapore: SGD 60,000 – SGD 100,000 per year
  • India: INR 810,000 – INR 1,505,000 per year
  • United Arab Emirates: AED 150,000 – AED 300,000 per year
  • Brazil: BRL 70,000 – BRL 120,000 per year
  • South Africa: ZAR 440,000 – ZAR 780,000 per year
  • Sweden: SEK 400,000 – SEK 700,000 per year
  • Netherlands: EUR 50,000 – EUR 90,000 per year
  • China: CNY 150,000 – CNY 300,000 per year

Wrapping Up!

Making a career in IT never disappoints since continuous growth gets witnessed in the domain. The advancement can land you diverse high-paying job roles to excel in IT and upgrade your Cyber Security skills with flying colours. Hence, opt for the best Cyber Security certification courses and shape your career. 

For further queries, feel free to write to us!

Happy Learning!


01. What is the aim of cyber security?

Cyber security aims to secure data, networks, and information by preventing unauthorized processing, transfer, or deletion.

02. What are the advantages of cyber security?

Cyber security prevents unauthorized or malicious network, system, or data access by implementing a high-security protocol to protect against significant data theft.

03. Who needs cyber security?

Cybersecurity is the technique of guarding systems and networks against unauthorized access or attacks.

04. Is cyber security easy?

Understanding the cyber security domain can be challenging in It since new methods of security and risks release every day.

05. Which course is best in cyber security?

CEH (Certified Ethical Hacking) v12 is the best course in the cyber security domain.

06. Is cyber security easy to study?

Cyber Security is a complex domain since it comprises concepts like cryptography or areas requiring more technical knowledge, which are hard to understand.

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