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Navigating Your IT Career Path: From Novice to Expert

Navigating your IT Career Path

Since the explosion of COVID-19, companies are increasingly finding remote work collaboration tools, cloud technologies, digital customer outreach and industrialization and AI to facilitate complicated tasks. Subsequently, the need for tech talent has skyrocketed, and hiring has picked up swiftly.

Having career pathing procedures in place for its employees can help you prepare for the future by helping you identify which roles you may be suitable for at higher levels within the company. Knowing your skills and preferences can make it more likely that you find a promotion that you can aspire to obtain.

This blog will cover basic details on the IT Career path and how to step into it.

Understanding the latest trends in the IT Industry.

The IT sector contains a wide range of businesses and services, including hardware and software development, networking and telecommunications, internet services, e-commerce, digital content creation, and IT consulting. 

Here are the top 10 latest trends in the IT industry:

  1. Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML)
  2. Internet of Things (IoT)
  3. Virtual and augmented reality (VR/AR)
  4. Robotic Process Automation (RPA)
  5. Blockchain
  6. Quantum Computing
  7. Computing
  8. Cybersecurity
  9. Human Augmentation
  10. Cloud Computing

These are some of the emerging trends in IT. Let us explore them in detail.

What are the emerging trends in the IT industry?

Here are the emerging trends in the IT industry:

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML)

Artificial intelligence (AI) makes computers smart, and capable of doing things that are possible manually, like learning, figuring things out, and making choices.

Machine learning (ML) is a subset of AI involving the use of algorithms and statistical models to allow computers to understand and enhance their performance on a detailed task without being explicitly programmed. ML algorithms are taught using large datasets and can make foretellings or take actions based on the patterns and trends specified in the data.

These technology trends, such as artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML), are being used in numerous industries to enhance efficiency and decision-making. Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) are being used in a variety of industries to improve efficiency and decision-making.

Some examples of how AI and ML are helping are:

  1. Healthcare: AI and ML are used to optimize medical records, predict patient outcomes, and help with diagnosis and treatment planning.
  2. Finance: AI and ML can help to analyze financial data, recognise trends and patterns, and make investment suggestions.
  3. Retail: AI and ML can support personalizing customer experiences, optimizing pricing and stock management, and enhancing supply chain efficiency.
  4. Manufacturing: AI and ML can also improve production processes, decrease flaws and downtime, and improve general efficiency.
  5. Transportation: AI and ML are being used to enhance routes, reduce fuel consumption, and improve safety in the transportation industry.
  6. Agriculture: One can use AI and ML to optimize crop management, improve yields, and reduce waste.
  7. Education: AI and ML will be able to personalize learning experiences, assess student progress, and provide customized feedback.

Internet of Things (IoT)

The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the growing network of physical objects related to the Internet that can communicate with each other and share data. These connected devices can range from simple sensors to more intricate devices such as appliances, vehicles, and industrial equipment. The usage of IoT is one of the emerging technology trends in the electronics and software industry that is revolutionizing the complete human behaviour of using technology.

IoT devices can accumulate and transfer data, and they can be handled and accessed remotely through the internet. This allows for the creation of new products and services that depend on connectivity and data sharing.

Some examples of how IoT is being used include:

  1. Smart homes: IoT devices such as smart thermostats, security systems, and lighting can be governed and accessed remotely through a phone or a tablet.
  2. Industrial applications: Monitor and analyze industrial processes, such as energy usage and equipment maintenance.
  3. Transportation: Improve safety and efficiency in the transportation industry, for example by chasing the location and condition of vehicles and delivering real-time traffic updates.
  4. Agriculture: Optimize crop management, enhance outcomes, and decrease waste.

We can say the IoT is changing the way we interact with the world around us and is enabling the development of new products and services that rely on connectivity and data sharing. 

Virtual and Augmented reality (VR/AR): 

Augmented reality (AR), and Virtual reality (VR), pivotal technology trends, are avant computer technologies having numerous uses, such as gaming, education, and healthcare. VR constructs a computer-generated world that a person can experience as if they were there, while AR adds computer-generated images to an individual’s view of the real world.

 Both have a broad range of applications and are expected to start to grow in industries and applications in the future. VR has already been used for gaming, education, training, and entertainment, and will resume to grow. 

AR has also been used for improving the real world with extra information, and will likely continue to be created and used in new ways. VR and AR also have possibilities for remote work and communication, as they can complete immersive virtual environments for people to work and interact with each other remotely. 

Robotic Process Automation (RPA)

Like AI and VR/MR, Robotics, a substantial technology trend, is being designed for numerous applications, including manufacturing, healthcare, and transportation. Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is a type of technology that permits organizations to automate repetitive, rule-based tasks by making digital workers or software robots to function them. RPA is designed to enhance coherence, reduce errors, and free up human workers to concentrate on more complicated and value-added tasks.

However, RPA is a trending technology in 2023 as more and more organizations strive to enhance efficiency and lessen costs through automation.

One possible area of growth for RPA is in the field of business process outsourcing (BPO). Many BPO providers are already using RPA to automate repetitive tasks and improve efficiency, and this trend will likely continue in the coming years.


The use of blockchain technology, a powerful technology trend, is anticipated to grow in 2024 and years after that with possible applications in areas, such as supply chain management, finance, and other areas. It is challenging to forecast with assurance whether blockchain technology will “rule” in 2023 or not, as the adoption and use of blockchain technology rely on numerous factors, such as market demand, regulatory environment, and the availability of supporting infrastructure.

But blockchain technology will probably resume to be a crucial and effective technology in 2023. As you know, Blockchain is a dispersed ledger technology that permits the safe and transparent recording of transactions, and it has the possibility to change a wide range of industries by enhancing clarity, safety, and efficiency. 

Here are the leading roles in blockchain:

  • Blockchain Developer
  • Blockchain Solutions Architect
  • Blockchain Consultant
  • Smart Contract Developer
  • Blockchain Project Manager

Quantum Computing

Quantum computing is a significant technology trend, is an emerging technology that utilises quantum-mechanical phenomena to process data. It is different from classical computing which employs bits; quantum computers use qubits. In comparison, to classical computers, they are much quicker at completing some tasks.

Quantum computers have the ability to revolutionize fields such as materials science, drug discovery, and financial modelling. It is still in the early stages of growth and has several technical challenges to overcome before it can be used. 

Many companies like Splunk, Honeywell, Microsoft, AWS, Google, etc, are operating on developing quantum computing technology. The market for quantum computing is expected to generate over $2.5 billion in revenue by 2029. Having experience in quantum mechanics, linear algebra, probability, information theory, and machine learning is helpful to be successful in this field.

Computer Networking

 A Computer Network is a well-defined process of guarding a computer network infrastructure against network interruption. As security pressures become more advanced, the need for businesses to change has evolved critically.

Network Security protects your network and data from breaches, intrusions, and other hazards. This is a vast and overarching term representing hardware and software solutions as well as processes or rules and structures relating to network use, accessibility, and all-around hazard protection.

What are the top Computer Networking courses?

Top Computer Networking Courses include:

Cisco CCNA 200-301:

The CCNA Course helps learners with all the necessary skills required in the field of networking. The Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) is a beginner-level technical certification course offered by Cisco which serves as the stepping stone in your IT career catering to you with all the necessary skills required in the field of Networking. CCNA Certification is one of the most popular & in-demand Networking certifications in the industry. The CCNA course covers the essentials of Networking such as Network Security Fundamentals, Automation, Programmability, and Routing and switching. You’ll get in-depth CCNA training after enrolling & can become a skilled Network Engineer in the tech world.

Topics under Cisco CCNA 200-301:

  • Routing and Switching  
  • Network fundamentals  
  • Network access  
  • Routing and Switching protocols  
  • Wireless Access Points (WAPs)  
  • Internet Protocol (IP) services  
  • Automation and programmability  
  • Infrastructure services  
  • Infrastructure security  

This course has 3-levels: specialist, professional, and expert level.

CCNP Enterprise: The Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP) is an intermediate-level course offered by Cisco which provides in-depth knowledge, understanding, functioning, and maintenance of the study of everything regarding Service Providing Solutions and Networking. The Cisco CCNP course consists of the core technologies with Enterprise Specialization as it is an upgrade of the pre-existing Networking experience provided through Cisco CCNA certification for CCNP training. CCNP Enterprise training involves advanced Routing, Switching, Troubleshooting, Security, SDN, etc. 

Topics covered in CCNP Enterprise:

  • Advanced Routing and Switching  
  • VPN technologies: MPLS and DMVPN  
  • Configuring and troubleshooting OSPF, EIGRP and OSPF  
  • Dual stack architecture  
  • Virtualization  
  • Infrastructure  
  • Security and automation  
  • Network assurance  

Cisco CCIE Enterprise Infrastructure: 

The CCIE course training is a perfect solution for you! The Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE) Enterprise course is an advanced-level certification offered by Cisco Systems. The CCIE training program validates your skills in designing, deploying and troubleshooting complex enterprise networks. CCIE course is one of the most prestigious certifications for those learners who want to gain advanced knowledge and skills in various networking areas.

Topics covered in CCIE Enterprise Infrastructure:

  • Dual stack architecture  
  • Virtualization  
  • Network assurance  
  • Security and automation 

Cisco SD-WAN Solutions:

The SD-WAN Certification helps in upgrading skills and knowledge regarding in-depth networking. The Software-Defined Wide Area Network or SD-WAN course builds expertise in designing, installing, arranging, and managing SD-WAN solutions in wide networks in a short period. The Cisco SD-WAN training Certification also teaches the SD-WAN installation and migration, placement of controllers, deploying and replacing edge devices, and the ways to configure Direct Internet Access (DIA). 

Topics covered in Cisco SD-WAN:

  • Configuring routing protocols  
  • Switching from traditional WAN to SD-WAN  
  • SD-WAN installation and migration  
  • Deploying WAN Edge devices  
  • Configure Direct Internet Access (DIA) breakout

CCNP Enterprise: The Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP) is an intermediate-level course offered by Cisco which provides in-depth knowledge, understanding, functioning, and maintenance of the study of everything regarding Service Providing Solutions and Networking. The Cisco CCNP course consists of the core technologies with Enterprise Specialization as it is an upgrade of the pre-existing Networking experience provided through Cisco CCNA certification for CCNP training. CCNP Enterprise training involves advanced Routing, Switching, Troubleshooting, Security, SDN, etc. 

Topics covered under CCNP Enterprise: 

  • Applying routing and switching protocols in the Data Center environment 
  • Executing Fibre Channel fabric 
  • Apply Cisco automation 
  • Using scripting tools in data center 
  • Learn Cisco Cloud service  
  • Monitor infrastructure 

Cisco CCIE Security:

The Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert or CCIE course Certification is meant for Senior Engineers and falls under the category of expert certifications offered by Cisco. CCIE training or CCIE Security training certification deals with the study of complex Security Solutions and further helps in understanding, designing, deploying, and managing the Network Systems to keep them secure.

Topics covered under CCIE Security

Network security principles and technologies

Security protocols and technologies

Network infrastructure security

Network security management and monitoring

Security policies and compliance

Cisco DevNet

The Cisco DevNet Associate certification or DevNet course is an entry-level course offered by Cisco which provides an in-depth understanding of Security, Automation, and Network Infrastructures. One can learn the best practices of modern Software Development, DevOps, and how to securely interact with Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) to automate existing manual processes with DevNet training.

Topics covered under Cisco DevNet:

  1. Software Development & Design
  2. Understanding and Using APIs
  3. Cisco Platforms & Development
  4. Application Deployment & Security
  5. Infrastructure & Automation
  6. Network Fundamentals


Python for Network Engineers course is designed for Network Engineers to learn Python course and other forms of Automation skills using Python Programming Language to manage Networks and Devices. Python for Network Engineers training deals with the study of how to Automate tasks on Routers and Switches using Python. With a proper knowledge of Networking coupled with Python training, one can automate networking tasks.

Topics covered in Python:

  • Python Foundation for Network Engineers
  • Python Libraries & Data Types
  • API Concepts & YANG Data-Modelling
  • IAC and DevOps Introduction


Cybersecurity encompasses a set of basic principles that are essential for protecting networks against cyber threats. These principles include confidentiality, integrity, availability, and accountability. Confidentiality ensures that only authorized individuals have access to sensitive information. Integrity ensures that data remains unaltered and trustworthy. Availability ensures that networks and resources are accessible when needed. Accountability ensures that individuals are responsible for their actions and can be held accountable for any security breaches. 

Here is the top Network Security Engineer Training Courses: 

CeH v12: A Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) course is a skilled professional training program that covers a wide range of topics, including network security, cryptography, web application security, and system hacking. The sole purpose of the CEH course is to recognize individuals who have demonstrated the knowledge and skills to understand and identify weaknesses and vulnerabilities in a computer system through CEH training. During the course program, you will learn to prevent the chance of any malicious hacking that can exploit the system if not detected on time. The CEH Certification course has a global recognition that imitates the skills and techniques of Hostile Hackers.

You will learn Penetration Testing, Ethical Hacking Vulnerability Assessment, and much more with CEH V12 course certification.

Exam Format of CeH V12: 

Exam Name Certified Ethical Hacker (312-50)

Exam Cost USD 550

Exam Format Multiple Choice

Total Questions 125 Questions

Passing Score 60% to 85%

Exam Duration 4 Hours

Languages English

Testing Center Pearson Vue

Eligibility of CeHv12 Training

  • Graduation
  • Basic understanding of the IT industry
  • 2-3 years of experience in Networking
  • Basic understanding of Servers
  • Understanding Ethical Hacking
  • Fundamental knowledge of Cloud management 

CISSP Training: The CISSP training program comprises designing, implementing, and managing best-in-class cybersecurity programs. With a CISSP certification, one can validate the expertise and evolve as an (ISC)² member by opening an expansive exhibition of premier resources, scholarly devices, and peer-to-peer networking possibilities.

Eligibility of CISSP training: The CISSP training program comprises designing, implementing, and managing best-in-class cybersecurity programs. With a CISSP certification, one can validate the expertise and evolve as an (ISC)² member by opening an expansive exhibition of premier resources, scholarly devices, and peer-to-peer networking possibilities.

Exam Code of CISSP training: 

Exam Name ISC2 Certified Information Systems Security Professional

Exam Code CISSP

Exam Cost USD 749

Exam Duration 4 hours

Number of Questions 125-175

Exam Format Multiple choice and advanced innovative questions

Passing Marks 700/1000 points

Exam Language English

Testing Center (ISC)^2 authorized PPC, PVTC Select Pearson VUE tests

Eligibility of CISSP training: 

  • Graduation
  • Basic understanding of the IT industry
  •  A minimum of 5 years of work experience 
  • Any ISC2-approved course certification (Preferred)
  • 1-2 years of experience in developing and maintaining Cisco Applications
  • Fundamental knowledge of Programming Language

CompTIA Pentest+: The CompTIA PenTest+ Certification course provides the skills required to plan, scan, and perform vulnerability and penetration testing as it is both, a knowledge-based and performance-based PenTest+ exam. Since the PenTest+ course refers to the practice of testing a computer system, network, or web application to find security vulnerabilities that can be damaged by malicious cyber attacks, CompTIA PenTest+ training covers the security of all the technologies. It is the only exam available to date that covers all the vulnerability management requirements. The exam includes cloud, hybrid environment, web applications, Internet of Things (IoT), and traditional on-premises testing skills.

Exam format of CompTIA PenTest+: 

Exam Code PT0-002

Number of Questions Maximum of 85 questions

Exam Cost $392

Type of Questions Performance-based and multiple-choice

Length of Test 165 minutes

Passing Score 750 (on a scale of 100-900)

Languages English, Japanese, Portuguese, and Thai

Testing Provider Pearson VUE

Eligibility of CompTIA PenTest+ 

  • Graduation
  • Basic understanding of the IT industry
  • Basic understanding of Networking
  • Understanding Security fundamentals
  • 3-4 years of experience in IT Security

CompTIA Security+: The CompTIA Security+ course certification is offered by the non-profit trade association CompTIA which focuses on providing interactive information along with managing the risks. CompTIA Security+ training is considered an entry-level credential of CyberSecurity which helps in learning all the foundational skills that demand cybersecurity skills, including system administrator, security administrator, and network administrator for IT Jobs.

Exam Format of CompTIA Security+:

Exam Code SY0-601

Number of Questions Maximum of 90 questions

Type of Questions Multiple choice and performance-based

Length of Test 90 minutes

Passing Score 750

Exam Cost USD 392

Testing Provider Pearson VUE

Languages English, Japanese, Vietnamese, Thai, Portuguese

CompTIA A+

The CompTIA A+ course certification is offered by the non-profit trade association CompTIA which focuses on providing all the knowledge and skills associated with the Initial Security Protocols in IT Systems and also teaches how to run and manage different kinds of OS on Multiple Devices at the same time. CompTIA A+ training also prepares you to learn and run the basic level Data Backup and Recovery Services. A+ course is considered a certification course that can brush up your skills in troubleshooting and supporting and maintenance of IT Infrastructure.

Exam Code for CompTIA A+

Exam Code Core 1 (220-1101), Core 2 (220-1102)

Degree Certificate

Duration Course Duration of CompTIA A+ is 10+ Hours.

Qualification Graduate

Average Salary Upto INR 2+ LPA

Eligibility of CompTIA A+

  • Graduation
  • Basic understanding of the IT industry
  •  9-12 months of experience in Networking
  • Basic understanding of Data Recovery
  • Understanding Security domains
  • Fundamental knowledge of Risk Management 

CompTIA Network+:

The CompTIA Network+ course certification is offered by the non-profit trade association CompTIA which helps you learn the skills essential to establish, maintain, and troubleshoot important networks without any threat or danger as a lot of businesses are dependent on those networks. CompTIA Network+ training also prepares you to provide support to networks on any kind of platform. The CompTIA Network+ course is known to be the way to progress for those Individuals who want to carry on further to the path of CompTIA’s Network+ training certification as it helps in designing and implementing functional networks.

Exam format of CompTIA Network+

Exam Code N10-008

Exam Cost USD 338

Number of Questions 90

Types of Questions Multiple-choice, performance-based

Exam Duration 90 minutes

Passing Marks 720 out of 900

Exam Language English, Japanese, Vietnamese, Thai, Portuguese

Experience Needed Over 9-12 months

Expiry After Three years

Eligibility of CompTIA Network+

  • Graduation
  • Basic understanding of the IT industry
  •  9-12 months of experience in Networking
  • Basic understanding of Troubleshooting
  • Fundamental knowledge of Risk Management   
  •  CompTIA A+ Certification is required

CompTIA CySA+:

The CompTIA CySA+ course certification is offered by the non-profit trade association CompTIA which helps you in emphasizing software and application security, automation, threat hunting, and IT regulatory compliance, which affects the daily work of security analysts.

CompTIA CySA+ training is known to be the only intermediate high-stakes CyberSecurity analyst certification that leads to the learning of-

  • The most updated core security analytical skills
  • The latest technologies for stopping threats related to the Security Operations Center (SOC)
  • Intelligence and threat detection techniques
  • Analyze and interpret data
  • Apply proactive threat intelligence
  • The analytics-based approach in the IT security industry

Exam Format of CySA+ 

Exam Name CompTIA CySA+

Exam Code CS0-003

Exam Cost USD 392

Exam Format Multiple-choice and performance-based questions

Total Questions 85 questions

Passing Score 750/900

Exam Duration 165 minutes

Languages English, Japanese, Portuguese, and Spanish

Testing Center Pearson VUE

Eligibility of CySA+

  • Graduation
  • Basic understanding of the IT industry
  • 3-4 years of experience in Information Security
  • Basic understanding of Data Security
  • Fundamental knowledge of CyberSecurity
  • CompTIA Security+ or CompTIA Network+ Certification is required.

Cloud Computing

Cloud computing refers to the delivery of computing services over the internet, allowing users to access and store data and applications on remote servers instead of on their own computers or local servers. 

There are three main types of cloud computing services: Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Software as a Service (SaaS). 

IaaS provides virtualized computing resources such as virtual machines and storage, PaaS provides a platform for developing and deploying applications, and SaaS offers software applications that are accessed over the internet.

Cloud computing offers numerous benefits for businesses, including cost savings, scalability, flexibility, and increased collaboration. By utilizing cloud services, businesses can reduce their IT infrastructure costs, as they no longer need to invest in expensive hardware and software. 

Cloud computing also allows businesses to easily scale their resources up or down based on their needs, providing them with the flexibility to adapt to changing demands. Additionally, cloud computing enables employees to collaborate more effectively, as they can access and share data and applications from anywhere with an internet connection.

Here are the modules of the Cloud Computing Course:

  • Cloud Architecture
  • Virtual Servers
  • Object Storage
  • Cloud Security
  • Auto Scaling and Load Balancing
  • AWS Management Tools
  • Cloud Deployment
  • Cloud Cost Optimization
  • AWS Best Practices

What is the step-by-step guide to your IT career path?

Here is the step-by-step guide to initiate your IT Career path:

  • The first step of stepping into the IT career is the graduation degree. 
  • The next step is certification in the IT field.
  • Then you can apply for entry-level jobs. 
  • After gaining considerable experience, you can get a hike in your job or can apply for high-level jobs.


In 2024, the top 15 technology trends, such as AI and ML, IoT, VR and AR, Robotics and Automation, and 3D printing, are foreseen to have a considerable influence on diverse industries and everyday life. 

These technologies have the potential to transform the way we work, communicate, and interact. It is necessary to stay up-to-date with these tendencies and assess their importance. Now is a good time to acquire the necessary training in one of these trends and enter the industry earlier, as the adoption of these technologies is forming opportunities for experienced professionals. Also, in the field of technology, you have to be updated always with the newest technology trends to maintain your significance in the market.