Palo Alto Firewall Interview Questions and Answers: Be it any business organization, from healthcare to banking to enterprise ecosystem, privacy remains the utmost concern for any of them. These organizations are filled with unlimited user databases. They cannot afford to lose it. Here comes the role of a Firewall Engineer.
If you really want to become a Firewall Engineer, look no further than the world’s number one firewall. It is none other than the Palo Alto Firewall. In this blog, we have collected the top and most-updated questions.
You can go through this question guide easily and ace your interview exam. Let’s look at all these questions. Without further ado, let’s begin.
1. What are the various deployment modes in Palo Alto?
In Palo Alto, you can choose from four deployment models. These are:
- Tap mode deployment option
- Virtual (V-Wire) Deployment option
- Layer 2 deployment option
- Layer 3 deployment option
- Tap mode deployment option:
You can watch out for any form of traffic flow throughout the networking system with the help of a tap or switch SPAN/mirror port. This deployment option allows enterprises to closely look at the traffic. They can look out for the traffic to their servers or network without any network infrastructure upgrades. It is important to configure the right SPAN source and SPAN destination ports. It is also very crucial to turn on the Tap mode while configuring SPAN on the firewall. The firewall is not able to manage traffic in this mode because no security rules can be applied. Therefore, the tap interface needs to be used in a security zone.
Virtual (V-Wire) Deployment option:
The firewall system is installed passively on any network segment with the help of this deployment model. Engineers can look out and control traffic across the link with V-Wire deployment choices. Apple-ID, User-ID, Content-ID, NAT and decryption are supported with the help of the Virtual Wire interface.
Layer 2 deployment option:
The VLAN mode or ‘virtual-switch’ mode allows the configuration of multiple networking interfaces. The firewall is set in Layer 2 deployment mode. This allows it to switch between two or more network segments. The traffic passing through the firewall is analyzed on the basis of policies, increased security, and visibility within the internal network.
Layer 3 deployment option:
The routes of the Palo Alto firewall allow traffic to flow between a number of interfaces in the layer 3 deployments. The IP address needs to be added to each interface by the user. It is the most common configuration mode of deployment. The firewall directs traffic between many interfaces. Each of these interfaces have their own IP address and security zone.
2. Is Palo Alto a stateful firewall?
Yes, Palo Alto is a stateful firewall. It is because all the firewall traffic can be passed on through the Palo Alto system. Later, these are matched against a session. Each session must match against a firewall cybersecurity policy as well.
3. What is the function of Palo Alto focus?
The Palo Alto focus is one of the most important services of Palo Alto. It is used to identify critical attacks and take the required action without the use of additional resources. It is referred to as the cloud-based threat intelligence service.
4. What is the Application Command Center (ACC)?
The application command center (ACC) allows visibility to traffic patterns and actionable information on threats in the firewall network logs.
5. Which command is used to check the firewall policy matching in Palo Alto?
Open the Palo Alto web browser > go to test security > policy > match from trust to untrust destination.
6. What is the zone protection profile?
- If you want complete protection from attacks like floods, reconnaissance and packet-based attacks, you need to use the zone protection profile.
- The flood attacks can be of SYN, ICMP and UDP types, etc.
- The reconnaissance protections will help you with protection against ports and host sweeps.
- The packet protection helps you against large ICMP and ICMP fragment attacks.
7. What are the types of protection used in Palo Alto?
The major types of protection used in Palo Alto are as follows:
- Zone protection profile: Examples of zone protection profile are floods, reconnaissance and packet-based attacks.
- Configured under Network tab protection: Examples of Network tab protection include Network profiles and zone protections.
8. What is the difference between virtual routers and virtual systems?
- A virtual router is a Layer 3 routing mechanism that is packed into a firewall.
- The firewall can use virtual routers to make their routes to other subnets.
- You can also manually build static routes or take role in one or more Layer 3 routing protocols which are called dynamic routes.
- You can also build a number of virtual routers (VR). These routers can have their own set of routes that are not shared with each other.
- It allows you to configure different routing behaviors for various interfaces.
- More than one VSYS can share the same VR, and multiple VSYS can have multiple VRs.
- Virtual systems are special, logical firewall instances present within a single physical Palo Alto Network firewall.
- A virtual system is made up of physical and logical interfaces. It is also made up of sub interfaces, viral routers and security zones including VLANs and virtual wires.
- Each virtual system’s deployment mode is chosen by the user itself.
- These deployment modes can be any combination of virtual wire, Layer 2 or Layer 3.
- Service providers and organizations should use a single pair of firewalls and allow virtual environments to run on them.
- Each virtual system behaves as its own firewall with its own security policy, interfaces and administrators.
- Physical networks can be logically separated by allowing virtual systems on your firewall.
9. What is a U-turn NAT?
A U-turn NAT is simply a logical path employed in the networking system. The user should be allowed to access the internal DMZ servers with the help of this NAT profile. You must use the external IP address of the corresponding servers to access it.
10. What is WAF (Web Application Firewall)?
The Web Application Firewall (WAF) is used to keep a record of web applications and track them. It helps in improving their security and functionality. It also protects the web application by filtering traffic between the Internet and the application.
The following are the features of the Web Application Firewalls:
- WAFs are designed to make up for insecure coding techniques – only enterprises who employ web apps and those who worry about the security of their code should buy a WAF.
- WAFs are highly customized for each environment – check how the web application should behave and hinder if it does not.
11. What is Palo Alto’s architecture like?
Palo Alto Networks’ next-generation firewalls (NGFWs) are made on single-pass parallel processing (SP3) architecture. This provides high-throughput, low-latency network protection and also includes cutting-edge features and technologies.
Palo Alto Networks’ SP3 architecture, which combines two contemplating components, handles the performance concerns that affect today’s security infrastructure. The components are:
- Single Pass software
- Parallel Processing hardware
This results in high-performance networks that have the ideal blend of raw throughput, transaction processing and network security.
12. What are the benefits of Panorama in Palo Alto?
The benefits of Panorama in Palo Alto are as follows:
- The presence of deployment and a centralized configuration system.
- The distributed administrations are present that allow controlled and delegated evaluation of Palo Alto firewall configurations.
- It supports logging or aggregated management for reporting and analyzing with central oversight.
- It allows us to view a graphical representation of the network’s apps, their users and the security implications.
- It allows us to analyze, evaluate and report on network traffic, security issues and administrative changes from a centralized place.
13. What is the meaning of endpoint security?
Computing device connected to a local or Wide Area Network (WAN) is called an endpoint. The function of endpoint security is to protect endpoints from malicious software.
Some examples of endpoints are desktops, PCs, laptops, smartphones, servers and Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices.
Endpoint security protects endpoints from cyber threats and unauthorized activities.
14. What are the different types of linkages used to establish HA or the HA introduction?
There are four types of linkages to establish HA or HA introduction:
- HA1 or control link
- HA2 or Datalink
- Back-up links
- Packet forwarding links
15. Which virtualization platforms fully support Palo Alto network deployments?
The Palo Alto Networks VM-series virtualization platform helps Palo Alto Networks deployment in a significant way. It offers the following:
- Open stack
- Cisco ACI
- Amazon Web Services (AWS)
- Google Cloud Platform
- The public cloud computing environment
- The private cloud computing environment
16. What is the default IP address, login, and password for Palo Alto Firewall’s administration port?
The administration port’s default IP address is 192.168.1.1 in the Palo Alto firewall. The username is “admin”. The password is “admin”.
That’s it! There are some Important Palo Alto firewall Interview Questions
These questions are basic, intermediate as well as advanced-level questions. You can go through these questions.
These questions will definitely help you in preparation of your Palo Alto interview.