Network Kings

Multi-Access Year Deal

Get 55+ courses now at the best price ever! Use Code:    MULTIYEAR

d :
h :

How to Learn Linux: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners

how to learn linux?

Are you looking for a comprehensive guide on how to learn Linux from scratch? Linux is a powerful and versatile operating system that has become the backbone of many technological advancements. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced user looking to enhance your skills, this blog post will provide a step-by-step approach to mastering Linux. From understanding the fundamentals to setting small goals and gaining hands-on experience, we will cover everything you need to know to become proficient in Linux.

Note: Join Network Kings’ All Access Pass and get unlimited access to a wide range of 50+ IT Networking, Cloud, DevOps, and Cybersecurity courses.

What is Linux?

Linux is an open-source operating system that was developed as a Unix-like alternative. It was created by Linus Torvalds in 1991 and has since grown into a robust and highly customizable platform used by millions of individuals and organizations worldwide.

Linux offers a wide range of benefits, including stability, security, and flexibility. It is known for its command-line interface, which allows users to interact with the system using text-based commands. Learning Linux commands is an essential aspect of becoming proficient in this operating system.

Why is Linux important to learn?

Linux has become integral to various industries, including web development, cloud computing, cybersecurity, and artificial intelligence. Here are some reasons why learning Linux is crucial:

  1. High demand in the job market: Linux skills are highly sought after by employers. Many job roles require knowledge of Linux, including system administrators, network engineers, cybersecurity professionals, and DevOps engineers.
  2. Cost-effective: Linux is open-source, which means it is free to use and distribute. This makes it an attractive option for individuals and businesses looking to save on licensing costs.
  3. Versatility: Linux can run on a wide range of devices, from servers and desktop computers to mobile devices and embedded systems. Understanding Linux allows you to work with different platforms and adapt to evolving technology trends.
  4. Security: Linux is known for its robust security features and is less prone to malware and viruses compared to other operating systems. Learning Linux enables you to implement effective security measures and protect sensitive data.

Note: Click on this link to know the benefits of pursuing the Linux course.

Who should learn Linux?

Linux is suitable for various individuals with different backgrounds and goals. Here are some groups of people who can benefit from learning Linux:

  1. Beginners: If you are new to the world of operating systems and want to gain a solid foundation, learning Linux can be an excellent starting point. It introduces you to fundamental concepts and allows you to explore the vast ecosystem of open-source software.
  2. IT professionals: IT professionals, such as system administrators, network engineers, and developers, can enhance their skill sets by learning Linux. It provides them with a deeper understanding of the underlying technology and equips them with tools to troubleshoot issues efficiently.
  3. Students: Students pursuing degrees or certifications in computer science or related fields can greatly benefit from learning Linux. It not only enhances their technical knowledge but also gives them a competitive edge in the job market.
  4. Entrepreneurs: Entrepreneurs who are building their own tech startups or businesses can leverage Linux’s cost-effectiveness and scalability. By understanding Linux, they can make informed decisions regarding infrastructure setup and optimize performance.

How to learn Linux from Scratch?

Now that we have established the importance of learning Linux let’s delve into the step-by-step process of acquiring this valuable skillset. By following these steps, you will be on your way to becoming proficient in Linux:

1. Understand why you want to learn Linux

Before embarking on your Linux learning journey, it is essential to have a clear understanding of why you want to learn it. Are you looking to enhance your career prospects? Do you want to gain more control over your computer? Identifying your motivations will help you stay focused and motivated throughout the learning process.

2. Understand the basics

To lay a strong foundation, start by familiarizing yourself with the basics of Linux. This includes understanding the file system hierarchy, learning about users and permissions, exploring the command-line interface (CLI), and getting acquainted with essential commands.

3. Set small goals

Learning a complex operating system like Linux can be overwhelming if you try to tackle everything at once. To make the process more manageable and enjoyable, set small goals that allow you to focus on specific areas.

For example, you can start by mastering the Linux commands such as

  • cd: – Change directory
  • ls: – List directory contents
  • pwd: – Print working directory
  • mkdir: – Make directory
  • rmdir: – Remove directory
  • touch: – Create a file
  • cp: – Copy a file
  • mv: – Move a file
  • rm: – Remove a file
  • cat: – Concatenate files
  • more: – Display a file one page at a time
  • less: – Display a file one page at a time, with the ability to scroll back
  • head: – Display the first few lines of a file
  • tail: – Display the last few lines of a file
  • grep: – Search for a pattern in a file
  • find: – Search for files and directories
  • sort: – Sort lines of a file
  • uniq: – Remove duplicate lines from a file
  • wc: – Count the number of lines, words, and characters in a file
  • diff: – Compare two files
  • patch: – Apply changes from one file to another
  • tar: – Create and extract archives
  • gzip: – Compress files
  • bzip2: – Compress files
  • xz: – Compress files
  • man: – Display the manual page for a command
  • apropos: – Search for commands that match a keyword
  • which: – Find the location of a command
  • whereis: – Find the location of a command, its source code, and its manual page
  • whatis: – Display a short description of a command
  • sudo: – Run a command as another user
  • su: – Switch to another user
  • passwd: – Change your password
  • logout: – Log out of your account
  • shutdown: – Shut down the system
  • reboot: – Reboot the system

Once you feel comfortable with these commands, move on to more advanced topics such as shell scripting or network configuration.

By breaking down your learning journey into smaller milestones, you will experience a sense of accomplishment along the way and maintain motivation.

4. Build your Linux skills

To solidify your understanding of Linux concepts, it is crucial to gain hands-on experience. 

The top Linux skills that are highly valued in the industry are as follows:

  1. Command Line Proficiency: A strong understanding of Linux command line tools and utilities is essential. This includes knowledge of file management, process management, text manipulation, and system administration tasks.
  2. Shell Scripting: Being proficient in shell scripting allows you to automate tasks, write scripts to enhance productivity, and create system administration tools.
  3. System Administration: Knowledge of Linux system administration is crucial for managing and maintaining Linux servers. This includes skills in configuring networks, managing users and permissions, troubleshooting system issues, and implementing security measures.
  4. Networking: Understanding Linux networking concepts such as TCP/IP, DNS, DHCP, firewalls, and routing is important for network administration and troubleshooting.
  5. Security: Having knowledge of Linux security practices and tools is essential for protecting systems from unauthorized access, securing data, and implementing security policies.
  6. Virtualization and Containerization: Familiarity with virtualization technologies like KVM, Xen, and containerization tools like Docker and Kubernetes is valuable for managing and scaling applications.
  7. Package Management: Proficiency in package management systems such as apt, yum, or pacman is necessary for installing, updating, and managing software packages on Linux distributions.
  8. Server Deployment and Configuration: Understanding the process of deploying Linux servers, configuring services like Apache or Nginx, and managing server configurations using tools like Ansible or Puppet is highly sought after.
  9. Troubleshooting and Debugging: Being able to diagnose and resolve system issues, troubleshoot network problems, analyze log files, and debug software applications are important skills for Linux administrators.
  10. Cloud Computing: Familiarity with cloud platforms like Amazon Web Services (AWS), Google Cloud Platform (GCP), or Microsoft Azure and knowledge of deploying and managing Linux instances in the cloud is increasingly valuable.

5. Install Linux and spend time using it

One of the best ways to master Linux is by immersing yourself in its environment. Install a Linux distribution of your choice on your computer or use it as your primary operating system on a virtual machine.

By spending time using Linux as your daily driver, you will become more comfortable navigating through the command line, configuring system settings, and utilizing various tools and applications available in the ecosystem.

Remember, practice makes perfect! Don’t shy away from experimenting with different commands or trying out new software applications. The more hands-on experience you gain, the more confident you will become in using Linux.

How to Build your Linux Skills?

Here are some ways you can build your Linux skills:

a) Virtual Machines or Dual Booting

Setting up a virtual machine or dual-booting your existing system with a Linux distribution allows you to work directly with the operating system without affecting your primary setup. This approach provides a safe environment to experiment with different configurations and practice commands.

Popular virtualization software like VirtualBox or VMware Workstation can help you create virtual machines easily.

b) Online tutorials and courses

There are numerous online tutorials and courses that cater specifically to beginners learning Linux. These courses typically include video lectures, hands-on exercises, quizzes, and projects that enable you to apply what you have learned in real-world scenarios. Some courses even provide certification upon completion, which can be an added advantage when applying for jobs or freelance opportunities.

c) Joining online communities

Engaging with online communities dedicated to Linux enthusiasts can greatly accelerate your learning progress.

Additionally, exploring social media platforms like Twitter or LinkedIn can connect you with professionals in the field who frequently share valuable resources and insights.

What are the challenges you may face while learning Linux?

While learning Linux can be an exciting journey, it is essential to be aware of potential challenges along the way. Here are some common challenges that beginners may face:

  1. Steep learning curve: Transitioning from a graphical user interface (GUI) based operating system to a command-line interface (CLI) can be daunting at first. Understanding the syntax and functionality of various commands may take time and practice.
  2. Vast ecosystem: The world of Linux offers numerous distributions (distros) with different package managers, desktop environments, and configurations. This vast ecosystem might be overwhelming for newcomers who are unsure about which distro or setup to choose.
  3. Compatibility issues: While most hardware works seamlessly with modern Linux distributions, there may still be instances where certain devices or drivers face compatibility issues. Troubleshooting these problems requires some technical knowledge and research.
  4. Limited software compatibility: Although the availability of open-source software for Linux has significantly increased over the years, some proprietary applications may not have native support for the platform. However, alternatives or workarounds often exist for the most popular applications.
  5. Command memorization: Learning a multitude of commands and their options may seem challenging initially. However, with practice and repetition, these commands will become second nature.

Remember that every challenge presents an opportunity for growth. Embrace these obstacles as part of your learning journey and leverage online resources, communities, and forums for support when needed.

Learn Linux with Network Kings’ Online Training

If you prefer structured online training with expert guidance, Network Kings offers comprehensive courses that cover all aspects of learning Linux. Their online training programs are designed for beginners and experienced professionals looking to enhance their skills.

Network Kings provides hands-on labs, real-world examples, and personalized mentorship throughout the learning process. 

By enrolling in Network Kings’ online training, you will gain practical knowledge and industry-relevant skills that can propel your career in IT or help you accomplish personal projects involving Linux.

Note: Join our IT Professional Master Program and unlock endless opportunities in the world of technology. Gain the skills and knowledge needed to excel in the fast-paced IT industry. From CCNA to Red Hat Linux, this program covers it all. 

Enroll now and pave your way to a successful future!

What topics are covered in the Linux Training at Network Kings?

Here are some essential topics covered during your training:

  • Command-line basics
  • Shell Scripting
  • Network Configuration
  • Server Administration
  • Security Fundamentals

Note: Click on this link to get an in-depth Linux course curriculum

What job roles are available after completing Linux course Training?

After completing your Linux online training program along with relevant certifications, you’ll be equipped with a versatile skill set that opens up various career opportunities across multiple industries.

Here are some common job profiles categorized as entry-level, mid-level, and senior-level:

Entry-Level Positions
Mid-Level Positions
Senior-Level Positions
  • Linux Architect
  • Security Engineer

Note: To Know the roles and responsibilities of the above job profiles you may read this blog entitled Linux Online Training: Master the Skills for a Lucrative Career.


In conclusion, learning Linux is a valuable investment of time and effort that opens doors to exciting career opportunities and provides a deep understanding of operating systems. By following our step-by-step guide on How to learn Linux and leveraging available resources like online tutorials and communities, you can embark on a successful journey towards mastering Linux. So don’t delay any further; start your Linux learning journey today!