Network Kings

Cyber Security Roadmap – How to Become a Cyber Security Expert

Cyber Security Roadmap

Embarking on a cybersecurity career involves navigating a dynamic field where the spectrum of security converges with the imperative to safeguard digital environments. In this realm, ethical hacking becomes a crucial skill set for aspiring cybersecurity professionals seeking cyber security jobs. The cyber security roadmap acts as a guiding beacon, delineating a career path encompassing a series of strategic steps and essential skills.

Starting with a foundational understanding of the field of cyber security, individuals delve into the intricacies of networking, operating systems, and programming languages. Certifications such as CompTIA Security+ and CISSP validate expertise, signalling proficiency in the ethical hacking domain. Practical experience is paramount, urging professionals to set up practical environments, engage in penetration testing, and gain proficiency in encryption, incident response, and security frameworks.

To stay ahead in the cyber security job market, the roadmap emphasizes continuous learning, and staying abreast of the ever-evolving cyber threat landscape. Soft skills, including effective communication and problem-solving, round out the spectrum of skills necessary for a successful cyber security professional. This career path ensures adaptability, positioning individuals to thrive in the dynamic field of cyber security.

Therefore, read the blog till the end to understand the cyber security roadmap in detail.

What is Cyber security?

What is Cyber security?​

Cybersecurity is all about safeguarding computer systems, networks, and data from unauthorized access and potential harm. This spectrum of security involves using various technologies, processes, and measures to protect information, ensuring that digital assets remain confidential, intact, and accessible. The primary goal of cybersecurity is to thwart a range of cyber threats, such as malware, phishing, ransomware, and other malicious activities carried out by individuals or organizations with harmful intentions.

Essential elements of cybersecurity encompass the implementation of robust security protocols, the utilization of encryption techniques, regular software updates to address vulnerabilities, and educating users on safe online practices. Cybersecurity professionals play a vital role in identifying, mitigating, and preventing security breaches. As we increasingly rely on digital technologies, the significance of cybersecurity grows in protecting sensitive information, and critical infrastructure, and maintaining the overall stability of our interconnected digital environment.

NOTE: Click to read the scope of cyber security in detail.

What is the role of cyber security in IT?

What is the role of cyber security in IT?​

The significance of cybersecurity in the field of Information Technology (IT) cannot be overstated, as it revolves around the safeguarding of digital systems, networks, and data from unauthorized access, potential breaches, and malicious attacks. Within the realm of IT, the role of cybersecurity encompasses several crucial aspects:

  • Safeguarding Data

Cybersecurity plays a pivotal role in ensuring the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of sensitive data. This involves implementing robust measures to prevent unauthorized access, data leaks, or any unauthorized alterations to the information.

  • Fortifying Network Security

The realm of cybersecurity extends to fortifying IT networks against unauthorized access, malware, and diverse cyber threats. This includes the deployment of firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and the establishment of secure configurations.

  • Identity and Access Management (IAM)

IAM is instrumental in controlling and overseeing user access to IT systems and data. Cybersecurity formulates policies and deploys technologies to guarantee that only authorized individuals can access specific resources.

  • Vulnerability Management

Cybersecurity experts are dedicated to identifying and addressing vulnerabilities within IT systems. This involves the routine assessment of systems, the application of patches, and the implementation of security updates to mitigate potential risks.

  • Effective Incident Response

In the face of a security incident or breach, cybersecurity assumes a critical role in responding promptly and efficiently. This encompasses the investigation of the incident, containment of the damage, and the implementation of preventive measures to thwart future occurrences.

  • Security Awareness and Training

The realm of cybersecurity includes educating IT users and professionals on security best practices. Training programs are designed to empower individuals to recognize and mitigate potential security threats effectively.

  • Ensuring Application Security

A critical facet of cybersecurity involves ensuring the security of software applications. This encompasses the practice of secure coding, regular testing, and addressing vulnerabilities in applications to prevent exploitation.

  • Establishing Security Policies and Compliance

Cybersecurity is responsible for formulating and enforcing security policies to ensure adherence to industry regulations and standards. Emphasis is often placed on compliance with frameworks such as ISO/IEC 27001.

  • Leveraging Threat Intelligence

Cybersecurity professionals actively monitor and analyze threat intelligence to stay abreast of emerging cyber threats. This proactive approach aids in preparing and defending IT systems against new and evolving risks.

  • Implementation of Encryption and Cryptography

The implementation of encryption and cryptographic techniques is paramount for protecting data both in transit and at rest. Cybersecurity ensures the utilization of robust encryption methods to secure sensitive information.

NOTE: Click to read the cyber security engineer’s role and responsibility in detail.

Who is a cyber security expert?

Who is a cyber security expert?​

A cybersecurity expert is a highly skilled professional equipped with specialized knowledge to safeguard computer systems, networks, and data from cyber threats. Their deep understanding of the ever-changing landscape of cyber threats and vulnerabilities empowers them to devise and implement robust security measures. Expertise in areas such as cryptography, network security, penetration testing, incident response, and security analysis forms a comprehensive skill set for these professionals.

Certifications like Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), or Offensive Security Certified Professional (OSCP) are commonly held by cybersecurity experts. They continuously stay informed about the latest cybersecurity trends, emerging threats, and technological advancements to adapt and fortify their defensive strategies.

Beyond technical prowess, cybersecurity experts excel in risk assessment, security policy development, and effective communication. Their pivotal role involves educating organizations and users on best practices for maintaining a secure digital environment. These professionals are indispensable for safeguarding sensitive information, thwarting cyberattacks, and ensuring the overall resilience of digital infrastructures.

NOTE: Click to read about cryptography in detail.

What is the importance of Cyber Security in the digital age?

What is the importance of Cyber Security in the digital age?​

Since the number of cyber threats is increasing with each passing day, cyber security awareness is mandatory throughout the world. An accurate knowledge of security can help one defend the attacks. The importance of cyber security in the digital era can be understood using the following points-

  • Safeguarding Sensitive Data: Cybersecurity acts as a shield for personal and business information, preventing unauthorized access and shielding individuals and organizations from identity theft, financial fraud, and data breaches.
  • Preserving Privacy: With the increasing prevalence of digital interactions, cybersecurity becomes instrumental in upholding user privacy. It prevents unauthorized surveillance, ensuring individuals retain control over their personal information.
  • Ensuring Business Continuity: For organizations, cybersecurity is indispensable in maintaining operational continuity. By safeguarding critical systems and data from cyber threats, it ensures uninterrupted business operations.
  • Preventing Financial Loss: Cybersecurity measures play a crucial role in mitigating the financial risks associated with cyberattacks. This includes averting ransom payments, theft of financial information, and the expenses incurred in recovering from a security breach.
  • Safeguarding National Security: Given the integral role of digital infrastructure in national security, cybersecurity defends against cyber threats that pose risks to national defence systems, critical infrastructure, and sensitive government information.
  • Mitigating Reputation Damage: A cybersecurity breach has the potential to tarnish the reputation of individuals or organizations. Strong cybersecurity practices help thwart data breaches, averting public distrust and reputational harm.
  • Fostering Innovation: Cybersecurity creates a secure environment for technological innovation. It encourages the development and adoption of new technologies by establishing a foundation of trust in digital interactions.
  • Compliance with Regulations: Numerous industries are subject to stringent regulations regarding data protection. Cybersecurity measures ensure compliance with these regulations, thereby avoiding legal consequences and financial penalties.
  • Global Interconnectedness: In our interconnected world, a cyber incident in one part of the globe can have ripple effects globally. Cybersecurity plays a crucial role in mitigating the potential for widespread disruptions.
  • Empowering Digital Transformation: As organizations undergo digital transformation, cybersecurity becomes the linchpin for a secure transition. It safeguards new technologies, cloud-based systems, and interconnected devices, ensuring a resilient digital landscape.

NOTE: Click to read the Importance of cyber security in detail.

What are the different cyber threats available in IT?

What are the different cyber threats available in IT?​

The different cyber threats available in IT are as follows-

  • Malware

Malicious software is designed to disrupt, damage, or gain unauthorized access to computer systems. Viruses, worms, trojans, ransomware, spyware, and adware are a few types of Malware.

  • Phishing Attacks

Deceptive attempts to obtain sensitive information, such as passwords and credit card details, by posing as a trustworthy entity refer to phishing attacks. Email phishing, spear phishing, and social engineering are a few methods of phishing attacks.

  • Ransomware

Malware that encrypts a user’s data and demands payment for its release refers to ransomware. These attacks can result in data loss, financial damage, and operational disruptions.

  • Denial of Service (DoS) and Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) Attacks

Overloading a system or network to make it unavailable to users refers to DoS and DDoS attacks. Flood attacks, amplification attacks, and botnets are a few methods of DoS and DDoS attacks.

  • Man-in-the-Middle (MITM) Attacks

Intercepting and potentially altering communication between two parties without their knowledge refers to MITM attacks. Eavesdropping, session hijacking, and SSL stripping are a few methods of the Man-in-the-Middle.

  • SQL Injection

Exploiting vulnerabilities in a website’s database to execute unauthorized SQL queries refers to SQL Injections. These attacks can lead to unauthorized access, data manipulation, and extraction of sensitive information.

  • Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)

Injecting malicious scripts into web pages viewed by other users refers to Cross-Site Scripting. These attacks can result in session hijacking, defacement, and theft of user credentials.

  • Zero-Day Exploits

Exploiting vulnerabilities in software or hardware that are unknown to the vendor or the public refers to Zer-day exploits. Swift and targeted attacks before patches or updates become available after these attacks.

  • Insider Threats

Malicious or unintentional actions by individuals within an organization refer to Insider threats. Employee misconduct, data theft, or sabotage are a few examples of Insider threats.

  • IoT Vulnerabilities

Exploiting weaknesses in Internet of Things (IoT) devices refers to IoT vulnerabilities. These attacks can lead to compromised privacy, unauthorized access to connected devices, and potential network disruptions.

  • Credential Stuffing

Using leaked username and password combinations to gain unauthorized access to multiple accounts is referred to as credential stuffing. These attacks can lead to compromised accounts, identity theft, and unauthorized access to sensitive information.

  • Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs)

Long-term targeted cyberattacks, often state-sponsored, to steal sensitive information refer to advanced persistent threats. These attacks are stealthy, persistent, and tailored to the target.

NOTE: Click to read about the types of cybercrime in detail.

How to defend against the diverse cyber threats available in IT?

How to defend against the diverse cyber threats available in IT?

To defend against the diverse cyber threats available in IT, follow the given steps-

  • Educate and Train Employees

Regularly conduct cybersecurity awareness training to enlighten employees about current threats, safe online practices, and the importance of robust password management. Given that human error is a common entry point for cyber threats, well-informed employees become a critical line of defence.

  • Implement Robust Authentication Practices

Enforce stringent authentication methods, such as multi-factor authentication (MFA), to introduce an additional layer of security. This measure helps mitigate the risk of unauthorized access, particularly in cases of compromised credentials.

  • Regularly Update and Patch Systems

Ensure that software, operating systems, and applications stay current with the latest security patches. Regular updates are instrumental in addressing vulnerabilities that cybercriminals may exploit for unauthorized access or attacks.

  • Deploy Advanced Endpoint Protection

Utilize advanced endpoint protection solutions equipped with features like behaviour analysis, machine learning, and threat intelligence. These technologies can identify and prevent a diverse range of malware and malicious activities on endpoints.

  • Secure Network Infrastructure

Employ firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention systems, and secure Wi-Fi protocols to fortify the network infrastructure. Regularly monitoring network traffic for anomalies or suspicious activities is crucial in identifying potential cyber threats.

  • Backup and Disaster Recovery Plans

Establish regular backup procedures and disaster recovery plans to ensure data resilience in the event of a ransomware attack or data loss. Regular testing of backups verifies their integrity and effectiveness in system restoration.

  • Conduct Regular Security Audits and Assessments

Perform routine security audits and vulnerability assessments to pinpoint and rectify potential weaknesses in the IT infrastructure. This proactive approach aids in closing security gaps before they can be exploited.

  • Implement Least Privilege Access

Restrict user access to only the resources essential for their roles. Adhering to the principle of least privilege diminishes the potential impact of a security incident by curbing unauthorized access.

  • Incident Response Planning

Develop and periodically update an incident response plan delineating the steps to be taken in the event of a security incident. This ensures a swift and organized response to mitigate the impact of a cyber-attack.

  • Collaborate and Share Threat Intelligence

Engage in information sharing and collaboration with industry peers and pertinent cybersecurity organizations. This exchange of threat intelligence helps organizations stay abreast of emerging threats and fortify collective defence mechanisms.

  • Encrypt Sensitive Data

Leverage encryption to safeguard sensitive data during transit and while at rest. Encryption introduces an extra layer of security, rendering it challenging for unauthorized parties to access or decipher sensitive information.

  • Regularly Review and Update Security Policies

Sustain and update security policies to align with the evolving threat landscape and technological advancements. Communicating these policies to employees and ensuring compliance across the organization is paramount.

NOTE: Click to read about cybercrime in detail.

How to build a strong foundation of cybersecurity in the digital era?

How to build a strong foundation of cybersecurity in the digital era?

Establishing a robust cybersecurity foundation in the digital age is imperative to shield individuals, businesses, and organizations from the evolving array of cyber threats. Here are fundamental strategies to lay the groundwork for a robust cybersecurity framework:

  • Risk Assessment

Initiate the process with a comprehensive risk assessment to pinpoint potential vulnerabilities, threats, and critical assets within the digital environment. A nuanced understanding of specific risks is pivotal for crafting targeted cybersecurity measures.

  • Create a Security Policy

Develop inclusive cybersecurity policies covering data protection, access controls, incident response plans, and acceptable use guidelines. Clear communication of these policies to all stakeholders ensures a unified and shared comprehension of cybersecurity expectations.

  • Employee Training and Awareness

Invest in ongoing cybersecurity training for employees to heighten their awareness of potential threats and best practices. Given that human error is a common vulnerability, the well-informed staff becomes the primary line of defence against cyber threats.

  • Implement Strong Authentication Practices

Mandate the use of robust authentication methods, such as multi-factor authentication (MFA), to bolster access controls. This additional layer of security significantly diminishes the risk of unauthorized access, even in the event of compromised passwords.

  • Regular Software Updates

Ensure the regular updating of all software, operating systems, and applications with the latest security patches. Keeping systems up-to-date closes potential vulnerabilities that cybercriminals may exploit.

  • Network Security Measures

Enforce robust network security measures, including firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention systems, and secure Wi-Fi protocols. Regular monitoring of network traffic enables the detection and response to any unusual or suspicious activities.

  • Data Encryption

Employ encryption to safeguard sensitive data both during transit and while at rest. Encryption introduces an additional layer of security, making it challenging for unauthorized parties to access or decipher sensitive information.

  • Backup and Disaster Recovery Plans

Establish and routinely test backup procedures and disaster recovery plans. In the face of a cyberattack or data loss, having reliable backups ensures a swift and effective restoration of systems.

  • Incident Response Plan

Develop a comprehensive incident response plan outlining the steps to be taken in the event of a cybersecurity incident. This plan should encompass procedures for reporting, investigating, and mitigating potential threats.

  • Regular Security Audits

Conduct periodic security audits and vulnerability assessments to identify and rectify weaknesses in the cybersecurity infrastructure. Regular assessments keep organizations ahead of emerging threats and ensure continual improvement.

  • Collaborate and Share Threat Intelligence

Engage in collaborative efforts with industry peers and cybersecurity organizations to share threat intelligence. This collective approach enhances overall cybersecurity posture by staying informed about the latest threats and vulnerabilities.

  • Continuous Monitoring and Adaptation

Implement continuous monitoring mechanisms to track and analyze security events. Remaining vigilant for emerging threats allows organizations to adapt cybersecurity measures to address new challenges in the dynamic digital landscape.

NOTE: Click to read the cyber security measures in detail.

What are the top essential cyber security technologies?

What are the top essential cyber security technologies?​

In the dynamic realm of cyber threats, indispensable cybersecurity technologies play a pivotal role in strengthening digital defences and preserving the integrity of sensitive information. The top essential cyber security technologies in IT are as follows-

  • Antivirus and Anti-malware Solutions

Serving as the vanguard against malicious software, antivirus and anti-malware solutions play a critical role. These tools discern, isolate, and eradicate viruses, worms, trojans, and various forms of malware that pose a threat to the security of computer systems. Advanced antivirus solutions employ heuristic analysis and real-time scanning to identify and neutralize emerging threats effectively.

  • Firewalls and Intrusion Detection Systems

Firewalls serve as a protective barrier between secure internal networks and external threats. They regulate incoming and outgoing network traffic based on predetermined security rules, thwarting unauthorized access and potential cyberattacks. In tandem, Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) monitor network or system activities for signs of malicious behaviour or unauthorized access, adding an extra layer of defence against cyber threats.

  • Encryption Technologies

Encryption technologies play a pivotal role in securing data during transit and at rest. By transforming sensitive information into indecipherable code, encryption ensures that even if unauthorized parties gain access to the data, decoding it without the proper decryption key becomes virtually impossible. This technology is particularly crucial in safeguarding confidential communications, financial transactions, and sensitive files.

  • Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA)

Multi-factor authentication stands as a robust method that demands users provide multiple forms of identification before accessing a system or application. This typically involves a combination of something the user knows (like a password), something the user has (such as a security token), or something the user is (biometric data). MFA significantly enhances access control, markedly reducing the risk of unauthorized access, even in cases where passwords are compromised.

  • Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) Systems

SIEM systems are integral tools for real-time monitoring and analysis of security events. By aggregating and correlating data from diverse sources, including logs and alerts, SIEM systems offer a comprehensive overview of an organization’s cybersecurity posture. They play a crucial role in identifying and promptly responding to security incidents, and providing insights into potential threats and vulnerabilities.

NOTE: Click to read the Two-factor authentication in detail.

Why choose Cyber Security as a career?

Why choose Cyber Security as a career?​

Choosing a career in cybersecurity holds significant appeal in today’s digital-centric world for a variety of compelling reasons. Firstly, the increasing frequency and complexity of cyber threats have generated a heightened demand for skilled cybersecurity professionals. This surge in demand translates into a multitude of job opportunities and promising avenues for career advancement within the field.

Secondly, cybersecurity roles provide a profound sense of purpose and societal impact. Professionals in this field play a pivotal role in protecting individuals, organizations, and even nations from cyber attacks that can result in financial losses, breaches of privacy, and threats to national security.

Additionally, the cybersecurity domain encourages continuous learning and innovation. The dynamic nature of the cyber threat landscape necessitates that cybersecurity experts stay updated on the latest technologies, vulnerabilities, and defence strategies. This ongoing learning process ensures that professionals remain at the forefront of their field, contributing to the intellectual stimulation of the work.

Moreover, cybersecurity careers often come with competitive salaries and benefits due to the specialized and critical nature of the work. Recognizing the importance of robust cybersecurity measures, organizations are willing to invest in top-tier talent, making it a financially rewarding career choice.

NOTE: Click to read Why choose cyber security as a career in detail.

Discuss the diverse areas of Cyber Security.

Discuss the diverse areas of Cyber Security.​

The diverse career paths with cyber security are as follows-

  • Ethical Hacking and Penetration Testing

In the dynamic arena of ethical hacking and penetration testing, cybersecurity experts immerse themselves in the art of simulating cyber-attacks to unearth vulnerabilities in systems, networks, or applications. These virtuosos, commonly known as “white hat” hackers, channel their expertise into authorized and controlled endeavours aimed at exploiting weaknesses. Their primary goal is to unveil potential security flaws before nefarious actors can exploit them for malicious purposes.

Ethical hacking encompasses a spectrum of techniques, including penetration testing, vulnerability assessments, and simulations of social engineering. Professionals in this domain navigate a complex landscape, demanding a profound understanding of diverse hacking techniques and security measures. Equipped with a diverse toolkit, they deploy various tools and methodologies to assess the robustness of security systems, culminating in recommendations for enhancement.

The ethical considerations in penetration testing are of paramount importance. Professionals in this field must meticulously adhere to ethical guidelines, ensuring that their activities are legal, authorized, and devoid of potential harm. Striking a delicate balance between identifying vulnerabilities and preserving the integrity of systems is crucial. Ethical hackers, therefore, assume a pivotal role in assisting organizations in fortifying their defences against potential cyber threats.

  • Security Analysis and Incident Response

Shifting the focus to the realm of security analysis and incident response, the core lies in the timely detection, analysis, and response to security incidents. Professionals in this field bear the responsibility of vigilant monitoring of networks and systems for signs of unauthorized access or malicious activities. In the event of a security incident, they play a pivotal role in the investigation process, determining the extent of the compromise and implementing measures to contain and mitigate the impact.

Security analysts harness a variety of tools and techniques for the analysis of log files, network traffic, and system behaviour. Collaborating seamlessly with other teams, they contribute to the development of incident response plans, ensuring a rapid and effective response to evolving cyber threats. Success in this field hinges on strong analytical skills, attention to detail, and the ability to perform under pressure.

Emphasizing the significance of a timely incident response is crucial, as it plays a pivotal role in minimizing damage and preventing further breaches. Security analysts must stay abreast of the latest threats, continually refining their incident response strategies to effectively counter evolving cyber threats.

  • Security Consultancy and Risk Management

Transitioning to security consultancy and risk management roles, professionals in this sector specialize in advising organizations on security best practices and navigating the intricate landscape of cybersecurity. Close collaboration with clients involves conducting assessments of their security posture, identifying vulnerabilities, and formulating strategies to mitigate risks.

Security consultants actively engage in activities such as security assessments, offering recommendations for security enhancements, and participating in the implementation of security solutions. They play a proactive role in assisting organizations in establishing robust security frameworks tailored to their specific needs and aligned with industry regulations.

Within the realm of risk management in cybersecurity, the focus shifts to the identification, assessment, and prioritization of risks to an organization’s information assets. Professionals in this domain craft risk mitigation strategies, ensuring that security measures align with business objectives. This necessitates a comprehensive understanding of the organization’s operations, potential threats, and compliance with regulatory requirements.

NOTE: Click to read the goals of cybersecurity in detail.

How to build a cyber security career in the evolving digital era?

How to build a cyber security career in the evolving digital era?​

To build a cyber security career in the evolving digital era, follow the given steps-

  • Laying the Educational Groundwork

Start by building a robust educational foundation in cybersecurity or a related field. Degrees in computer science, information technology, or cybersecurity serve as a solid base. Numerous universities and online platforms offer specialized programs, certifications, and degrees tailored to cybersecurity.

  • Pursue Relevant Cybersecurity Certifications

Enhance your skills and bolster your credibility by acquiring pertinent cybersecurity certifications. Recognized certifications like CompTIA Security+, Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), and CompTIA PenTest+ are highly esteemed within the industry as they help you build a career in cyber security.

  • Gain Practical Experience

Immerse yourself in practical experiences through internships, part-time roles, or volunteer opportunities. Practical knowledge holds immense value in cybersecurity, and hands-on experience enhances your attractiveness to potential employers.

  • Choose a Specialization

Given the expansive nature of cybersecurity, pinpoint your areas of interest—whether it be penetration testing, incident response, threat hunting, or cloud security—and concentrate on cultivating expertise in those domains.

  • Stay Informed

Keep pace with the ever-evolving cybersecurity landscape and cyber security tools to defend against the attacks. Stay informed about the latest threats, vulnerabilities, and technologies by regularly perusing industry blogs, participating in conferences, and engaging in webinars. Networking with professionals in the field can offer valuable insights.

  • Cultivate a Professional Network

Connect with fellow professionals in the cybersecurity community through platforms like LinkedIn and attend industry events. Networking can open doors to job opportunities, mentorship, and collaborative endeavours with like-minded individuals.

  • Develop Soft Skills

Sharpen your communication and problem-solving skills. The ability to convey intricate technical concepts to non-technical stakeholders is pivotal in cybersecurity roles. Additionally, adept problem-solving skills are essential for overcoming challenges posed by cyber threats.

  • Prioritize Ethical Considerations

Highlight ethical behaviour and a steadfast commitment to preserving the integrity and confidentiality of information. Ethical hackers, in particular, play a crucial role in identifying and mitigating security vulnerabilities.

  • Embrace Continuous Learning

Given the dynamic nature of cybersecurity, continuous learning is indispensable. Stay curious and proactively expand your knowledge and skill set. Pursue ongoing training and certifications to remain relevant in the ever-changing landscape.

  • Cultivate Adaptability

Lastly, foster adaptability and readiness to acquire new tools and techniques as the cybersecurity field evolves. The ability to swiftly adapt to emerging threats and technologies will distinguish you in your career.

NOTE: Click to read how to start a career in cyber security in detail.

What do you mean by Incident Response and Management in cyber security?

What do you mean by Incident Response and Management in cyber security?

Incident Response and Management (IRM) in the realm of cybersecurity is a systematic method for dealing with and overseeing the aftermath of a security incident or data breach. It entails a coordinated series of actions aimed at pinpointing, restraining, eliminating, recovering from, and gleaning insights from cybersecurity incidents. The primary objectives of Incident Response and Management encompass minimizing the incident’s impact, swiftly restoring regular operations, and bolstering overall cybersecurity posture through valuable lessons learned.

  • Creating an Incident Response Plan (IRP)

The crafting of an Incident Response Plan stands out as a pivotal element of IRM. This document serves as a comprehensive guide outlining the organization’s approach to handling and managing cybersecurity incidents. Typically, the IRP encompasses predefined protocols, assigned roles and responsibilities, communication strategies, and a framework for scrutinizing and learning from incidents.

  • Cyber Security Incident Categories

Cybersecurity incidents manifest in various forms, including malware attacks, data breaches, insider threats, denial-of-service attacks, and more. Categorizing these incidents is instrumental for organizations to comprehend the nature of the threat and customize their response strategies accordingly. This categorization is crucial for prioritizing and efficiently allocating resources.

  • Steps in Incident Response
  1. Detection: This initial phase involves spotting signs of a potential security incident, such as unusual network activity, unauthorized access attempts, or anomalies in system logs. Advanced threat detection tools and continuous monitoring play a pivotal role during this stage.
  2. Containment: Once an incident is identified, the subsequent step is containment to prevent further harm. This may involve isolating affected systems, blocking malicious activities, or implementing measures to restrict the incident’s impact.
  3. Eradication: Following containment, efforts shift towards eliminating the root cause of the incident. This could entail patching vulnerabilities, removing malware, or taking corrective actions to eradicate the threat from the environment.
  4. Recovery: The recovery phase focuses on restoring affected systems to their normal functioning. Tasks include data restoration from backups, verification of system integrity, and ensuring that all security measures are in place to avert a recurrence.
  5. Lessons Learned: The final phase entails a comprehensive review of the incident response process. Organizations analyze successful strategies, and areas for improvement, and subsequently update their incident response plan. This learning process is pivotal for enhancing overall cybersecurity resilience.

NOTE: Click to read the objectives of cyber security in detail.

What are the emerging trends in the cyber security field?

The realm of cybersecurity is a dynamic and ever-changing arena where constant technological innovations and evolving challenges shape its landscape. In this dynamic environment, several emerging trends are exerting significant influence on the trajectory of cybersecurity practices, underscoring the imperative for inventive approaches to tackle contemporary threats. The emerging trends in the cyber security field are as follows-

  • Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Cyber Security

The role of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) in cybersecurity is increasingly pivotal. These technologies facilitate automated threat detection, analysis, and response, empowering security systems to dynamically adapt and evolve in real time. AI and ML excel in identifying patterns, anomalies, and potential security breaches more efficiently than traditional methods, thereby amplifying the overall effectiveness of cybersecurity measures.

  • Cloud Security

The widespread adoption of cloud computing by organizations necessitates a heightened focus on robust cloud security. Safeguarding data, applications, and infrastructure hosted in cloud environments has become a paramount concern. With the paradigm shift towards remote work and the prevalence of cloud-based services, ensuring the security of cloud infrastructure is critical to thwart data breaches, unauthorized access, and other cyber threats.

  • Internet of Things (IoT) Security

The surge in IoT devices introduces novel challenges to cybersecurity. Devices spanning from smart home gadgets to industrial sensors are susceptible to cyber-attacks. Strengthening IoT security entails implementing measures to secure communication between devices, ensuring robust device authentication, and addressing potential vulnerabilities. As the proliferation of connected devices continues, the significance of IoT security in overall cybersecurity strategies becomes increasingly pronounced.

  • Blockchain Technology in Cyber Security

Blockchain technology is gaining prominence for its potential to fortify cybersecurity. Its decentralized and tamper-resistant nature renders it suitable for securing transactions and sensitive data. In the realm of cybersecurity, blockchain finds utility in secure identity management, protection against data tampering, and ensuring the integrity of critical information. The integration of blockchain contributes to establishing trust and transparency in digital interactions, consequently mitigating the risks of fraud and unauthorized access.

  • Zero Trust Security Model

The Zero Trust security model is gaining traction as a comprehensive approach to cybersecurity. Unlike conventional security models that assume trust within a network, Zero Trust operates on the principle of “never trust, always verify.” This model mandates continuous authentication and authorization, extending to users and devices within the network. Zero Trust aids organizations in mitigating the risks associated with insider threats and enhances security in an increasingly intricate and interconnected digital landscape.

  • Ransomware Resilience and Mitigation

Ransomware attacks have evolved in sophistication and prevalence, compelling organizations to concentrate on resilience and mitigation strategies. This encompasses the implementation of robust backup and recovery systems, educating employees on security best practices, and deploying advanced threat detection solutions to identify and preemptively block ransomware threats before they inflict substantial damage.

NOTE: Click to read the trends in cyber security in detail.

What is the future outlook of cyber security in the digital era?

What is the future outlook of cyber security in the digital era?

In the dynamic landscape of the digital era, the future of cybersecurity is shaped by a conjunction of dynamic challenges, technological advancements, and a central emphasis on adaptability and collaboration as it is constantly evolving. Looking forward, several pivotal aspects delineate the trajectory of cybersecurity practices and strategies.

  • Predictions for the Future of Cyber Security

The forthcoming landscape of cybersecurity is poised to witness a surge in the complexity and frequency of cyber threats. As technology progresses, so does the prowess of malicious actors, resulting in more sophisticated and targeted attacks. Predictive analytics and artificial intelligence are set to play an increasingly pivotal role in predicting and countering these threats. Cybersecurity professionals must remain at the forefront, harnessing cutting-edge technologies to identify and neutralize emerging risks.

Moreover, the advent of the Internet of Things (IoT) and the widespread adoption of connected devices will introduce novel attack vectors, necessitating innovative security measures. Quantum computing, with its potential for solving complex problems, also poses a challenge to traditional encryption methods, prompting the development of quantum-resistant cryptographic solutions.

  • Continuous Adaptation and Improvement

A defining feature of the future of cybersecurity is the imperative for perpetual adaptation and improvement. The conventional model of static, perimeter-based security is yielding to more dynamic, risk-based approaches. Organizations are called upon to adopt a proactive stance, implementing measures such as continuous monitoring, threat hunting, and real-time incident response.

The significance of endpoint security is escalating, especially with the proliferation of remote work and the use of personal devices. Cybersecurity frameworks will evolve to prioritize resilience and recovery, recognizing that no system is entirely invulnerable, and the ability to rebound from incidents is paramount.

Automation and orchestration are poised to play a pivotal role in enhancing cybersecurity efficiency. Routine tasks can be automated, enabling cybersecurity professionals to concentrate on more intricate and strategic facets of threat detection and response. This shift towards automation aims to address the burgeoning cybersecurity skills gap and enhance overall response times.

  • The Role of Collaboration in Cyber Security

The future of cybersecurity is inherently interlinked, underscoring the vital role of collaboration among organizations, governments, and cybersecurity professionals. Information sharing and synchronized responses to cyber threats will be instrumental in mitigating the impact of large-scale attacks. Public-private partnerships are anticipated to become more prevalent, fostering a collective approach to cybersecurity.

Collaboration transcends organizational boundaries, extending to international cooperation in addressing cyber threats. The evolution of cybersecurity standards and norms will persist, guided by a collective commitment to establishing a secure and resilient digital environment. Cybersecurity awareness and education will be integral components of this collaborative effort, empowering individuals to actively contribute to maintaining a safer digital space.

NOTE: 5 Lakh Cybersecurity Engineer Jobs are still available!

What are the top technical skills required to become a cybersecurity expert in IT?

What are the top technical skills required to become a cybersecurity expert in IT?​

The top technical skills and knowledge required to become a cybersecurity professional in IT are as follows-

  • Network Security: A foundational grasp of network protocols, architecture, and security measures is imperative. Proficiency in network security entails familiarity with firewalls, intrusion detection systems, VPNs (Virtual Private Networks), and the ability to scrutinize network traffic for anomalies.
  • Security Assessment and Testing: Mastery in conducting security assessments and penetration testing is vital. This involves identifying vulnerabilities in systems, networks, and applications, along with recommending measures for remediation.
  • Incident Response and Forensics: The ability to effectively respond to security incidents necessitates knowledge of incident response procedures, digital forensics, and the capability to investigate and analyze security breaches.
  • Cryptography: Cryptography forms the bedrock of securing communications and data. A cybersecurity professional must understand encryption algorithms, public-key infrastructure (PKI), and cryptographic protocols.
  • Endpoint Security: Safeguarding individual devices (endpoints) holds paramount importance. This skill set involves deploying and managing antivirus solutions, mastering endpoint detection and response (EDR), and ensuring the security of devices connected to the network.
  • Identity and Access Management (IAM): Effectively controlling access to systems and data is a pivotal cybersecurity aspect. IAM skills encompass managing user identities, implementing access controls, and understanding authentication mechanisms.
  • Security Information and Event Management (SIEM): SIEM tools play a crucial role in collecting and analyzing log data from various organizational systems. Proficiency in using SIEM tools facilitates real-time monitoring, incident detection, and response.
  • Web Application Security: Given that many cyber attacks target web applications, expertise in securing them is indispensable. This entails understanding common vulnerabilities like SQL injection, cross-site scripting (XSS), and adhering to secure coding practices.
  • Cloud Security: As the adoption of cloud services rises, understanding cloud security principles and technologies becomes vital. This includes knowledge of cloud architectures, shared responsibility models, and securing cloud environments.
  • Security Policies and Compliance: Developing and enforcing security policies, coupled with ensuring compliance with industry regulations, is integral to a cybersecurity role. Familiarity with standards such as ISO 27001, NIST, and GDPR is advantageous.
  • Mobile Security: Mobile devices often fall prey to cyber-attacks. Skills in securing mobile devices, managing mobile device security policies, and addressing mobile-specific threats are invaluable.
  • Scripting and Programming: Proficiency in scripting languages (e.g., Python, PowerShell) and programming languages (e.g., Java, C++) proves advantageous for tasks like automating security processes, developing tools, and comprehending malware analysis.

NOTE: Click to read about cyber security skills in detail.

Discuss the growing demand for cybersecurity.

Discuss the growing demand for cybersecurity.​

The increasing demand for cybersecurity mirrors the rapidly evolving interconnected and digitized nature of our contemporary world. As businesses, organizations, and individuals become more dependent on technology and the internet, the potential for cyber threats has grown exponentially. 

  • Escalation of Cyber Threats: In recent years, the frequency and sophistication of cyber threats have experienced a significant surge. Malicious actors, ranging from individual hackers to organized cybercrime groups and even nation-states, continuously devise new and advanced methods to exploit vulnerabilities in systems. This escalating threat landscape necessitates robust cybersecurity measures to safeguard sensitive information and critical infrastructure.
  • Rise in Cybercrime: Cybercrime has evolved into a lucrative enterprise for criminals, targeting individuals, businesses, and governments alike. Cyberattacks can lead to financial losses, data breaches, identity theft, and disruption of essential services. The surge in cybercrime underscores the need for comprehensive cybersecurity strategies to mitigate risks and protect against evolving threats.
  • Increased Connectivity: The proliferation of internet-connected devices and the advent of the Internet of Things (IoT) have expanded the attack surface for cyber threats. As more devices become interconnected, from smart homes to industrial systems, the potential vectors for cyberattacks grow. Cybersecurity plays a crucial role in ensuring the integrity and security of these interconnected systems.
  • Digital Transformation in Businesses: Organizations worldwide are undergoing digital transformations, leveraging technologies such as cloud computing, artificial intelligence, and big data analytics. While these advancements bring numerous benefits, they also introduce new cybersecurity challenges. Protecting digital assets, sensitive data, and intellectual property becomes paramount in the digital era.
  • Regulatory Compliance Requirements: Governments and regulatory bodies worldwide are enacting stringent data protection and privacy regulations. Compliance with these regulations, such as GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) and HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act), requires organizations to implement robust cybersecurity measures to safeguard personal and sensitive information.
  • Remote Work and Mobile Connectivity: The shift towards remote work, accelerated by global events like the COVID-19 pandemic, has increased reliance on digital collaboration tools and mobile connectivity. This expanded digital footprint creates new challenges in securing remote work environments, necessitating enhanced cybersecurity measures to protect sensitive data and ensure secure remote access.
  • Critical Infrastructure Vulnerabilities: Critical infrastructure, including energy grids, healthcare systems, and transportation networks, has become a prime target for cyber threats. The potential consequences of cyber attacks on critical infrastructure are severe, ranging from service disruptions to threats to public safety. Securing these vital systems requires robust cybersecurity protocols.
  • Shortage of Cybersecurity Professionals: A significant shortage of skilled cybersecurity professionals exists globally. The demand for experts in areas such as penetration testing, threat analysis, and incident response far exceeds the current workforce. This scarcity intensifies competition for skilled professionals and underscores the critical need for more individuals to enter the cybersecurity field.

NOTE: Click to read the cyber security challenges in detail.

Discuss the cyber security roadmap - How to become a cyber security expert?

Discuss the cyber security roadmap - How to become a cyber security expert?​

Becoming really good at cybersecurity means learning a bunch of things, doing some hands-on stuff, and keeping up with all the new ways bad people try to mess with computers. Cyber security career roadmap involves a blend of education, hands-on practice, and a dedication to staying abreast of the constantly evolving cyber threat landscape. Here is a comprehensive roadmap guide to help you on your path to becoming a cybersecurity engineer:

  • Learn the Basics

Start by getting a good education. Get a degree in computer science or something similar. Take classes in networking, programming, and running computer systems. These are the basics you need to know for cybersecurity.

  • Get Certificates

Get some certificates that show you know your stuff. Certificates like CEH, CompTIA Security+, and CISSP are good ones. They teach you the important things about cybersecurity.

  • Understand Networks

Learn how computer networks work. A certificate like Cisco’s CCNA will help a lot. Knowing about networks is super important in cybersecurity.

  • Do Hands-On Stuff

Practice what you have learned. Set up your computer lab at home or play in cybersecurity competitions. Doing these hands-on things will make you better at solving problems.

  • Learn to Code

Learn how to write computer code, especially in languages like Python and PowerShell. This helps you do things like making security tasks automatic and finding bad software.

  • Keep Learning

Cybersecurity always changes, so keep learning. Read blogs, go to conferences, and join webinars. Follow experts on social media to know what’s new and what to watch out for.

  • Meet People

Join groups of professionals like ISACA and (ISC)². Go to local meetups about cybersecurity. Meeting people in the field can help you learn more and maybe even find a job.

  • Do Real Projects

Use your skills on real projects and help with open-source cybersecurity work. This builds a portfolio that shows you know your stuff and cares about cybersecurity.

NOTE: Click to read about hacking in detail.

How to make a career in cybersecurity? - Cybersecurity Roadmap

How to make a career in cybersecurity? - Cybersecurity Roadmap​

To become a cybersecurity engineer, you will need to follow a roadmap to find the right job fit. You can also become a certified cloud security professional and a certified network security professional by following the given cybersecurity roadmap. This roadmap provides not just the knowledge and skills required to master the domain but also the different areas of cyber security in a great depth. Here are the fundamental steps to kickstart your career in cybersecurity:

  • Build Your Educational Foundation

Start with a strong educational background in computer science, information technology, or a related field. Many entry-level positions require a bachelor’s degree.

  • Grasp Networking Fundamentals

Develop a solid understanding of networking basics since cybersecurity is closely linked to the workings of networks.

  • Master Operating Systems

Familiarize yourself with various operating systems, especially Linux and Windows, as they are commonly used in cybersecurity tools and systems.

  • Hone Programming Skills

Cultivate programming skills, focusing on languages like Python, Java, or C++. These skills are crucial for scripting and understanding security tool mechanics.

  • Earn Cybersecurity Certifications

Pursue certifications like CompTIA Security+, CISSP, CEH, or CompTIA PenTest+ to validate your cybersecurity knowledge and skills.

  • Gain Hands-On Experience

Set up a home lab or use online platforms to gain practical experience in a controlled environment. Practice with real-world cybersecurity tools and techniques.

  • Stay Informed about Cyber Threats

Stay updated on current cyber threats, attack vectors, and vulnerabilities by following industry news, subscribing to cybersecurity blogs, and participating in forums.

  • Explore Encryption and Cryptography

Learn about encryption algorithms and cryptographic protocols, as they are essential for securing data and communications.

  • Understand Firewalls and IDS/IPS

Grasp how firewalls operate and familiarize yourself with Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) and Intrusion Prevention Systems (IPS).

  • Dive into Web Security

Understand web security concepts, including secure coding practices, web application firewalls, and common web vulnerabilities.

  • Get Hands-On with Penetration Testing

Gain experience in penetration testing to identify and address vulnerabilities. Tools like Metasploit can be valuable in this area.

  • Learn Incident Response Procedures

Understand incident response processes, including how to investigate and respond to security incidents.

  • Explore Security Frameworks

Familiarize yourself with common security frameworks such as NIST, ISO/IEC 27001, and CIS Critical Security Controls.

  • Specialize in Networking Security

Focus on network security, including secure configuration, segmentation, and monitoring.

  • Develop Soft Skills and Communication

Cultivate strong communication skills since cybersecurity professionals often need to convey complex technical information to non-technical stakeholders. Work on problem-solving and analytical skills.

Discuss an engineer's role in cyber security.

Discuss an engineer's role in cyber security.​

The role of engineers in the current security era is pivotal for safeguarding digital assets, infrastructure, and sensitive information in our increasingly interconnected and digitalized world. Engineers bring a diverse skill set, combining technical expertise, problem-solving capabilities, and an in-depth understanding of systems to design, implement, and maintain robust cybersecurity measures. An engineer’s role in cyber security can be understood as follows-

  • System Architecture and Design

Engineers are actively engaged in crafting secure systems and networks from the ground up. This involves considering security requirements, implementing defence-in-depth strategies, and ensuring the resilience of architectures against a broad spectrum of cyber threats. Their responsibilities encompass designing secure network configurations, implementing firewalls, and establishing secure communication protocols.

  • Security Implementation and Configuration

The responsibility of engineers extends to implementing and configuring various security solutions, including firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention systems, antivirus software, and encryption tools. They meticulously configure these tools to ensure their effectiveness in detecting and responding to potential threats.

  • Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing

Regularly, engineers conduct thorough vulnerability assessments and penetration tests to pinpoint weaknesses in systems and applications. By simulating real-world cyber attacks, they assess the security posture and identify potential entry points for adversaries. Engineers then provide recommendations and implement corrective measures based on their findings.

  • Incident Response and Forensics

In the unfortunate event of a security incident, engineers play a crucial role in orchestrating a swift and effective response. They develop and implement incident response plans, conduct digital forensics to analyze the nature and scope of security breaches and work tirelessly to contain and eradicate threats. Their efforts are instrumental in minimizing the impact of incidents and restoring normal operations.

  • Security Automation and Orchestration

Recognizing the escalating volume and complexity of cyber threats, engineers actively contribute to the implementation of security automation and orchestration tools. These tools streamline routine security tasks, allowing engineers to focus on more intricate issues. Orchestration ensures seamless coordination of various security processes for a more cohesive and efficient response.

  • Identity and Access Management (IAM)

Engineers shoulder the responsibility of managing user identities, defining access controls, and implementing IAM systems. This involves ensuring that individuals possess appropriate access levels based on their roles, and promptly revoking access when employees or users undergo role changes or leave the organization.

  • Security Awareness and Training

Engineers actively contribute to cultivating a security-aware culture within organizations. They develop comprehensive training programs to educate employees on cybersecurity best practices, including recognizing phishing attempts, creating robust passwords, and understanding social engineering tactics.

  • Continuous Monitoring and Threat Intelligence

Engineers establish and maintain continuous monitoring systems that detect and respond to security incidents in real time. Leveraging threat intelligence feeds, they stay abreast of emerging threats and trends, enabling organizations to proactively adjust their security measures.

  • Secure Software Development

In organizations where engineers are involved in software development, they integrate security into the development life cycle. This includes conducting secure code reviews, implementing secure coding practices, and ensuring applications are resilient to common vulnerabilities.

  • Regulatory Compliance

Engineers diligently work to align systems and processes with regulatory requirements concerning cybersecurity. This may involve compliance with standards such as GDPR, HIPAA, PCI DSS, and others, depending on the industry and geographic location.

NOTE: Click to read cyber security secrets in detail.

What were the common cyber security misconceptions till 2023?

What were the common cyber security misconceptions till 2023?​

The common cyber security misconceptions till 2023 were as follows-

  • “I’m Not a Target, So I’m Safe”

A widespread misconception was the belief that only large organizations or high-profile individuals were susceptible to cyber attacks. In reality, cybercriminals frequently target individuals and smaller businesses due to potentially less sophisticated security measures.

  • “Antivirus Provides Complete Protection”

Some individuals wrongly assumed that relying solely on antivirus software was adequate for comprehensive cybersecurity. While antivirus is crucial, it is not a one-size-fits-all solution. A robust cybersecurity strategy entails multiple layers of defence, including firewalls, regular updates, and user awareness.

  • “Strong Passwords Are Foolproof”

Many people wrongly believe that possessing a strong, complex password guarantees security. However, passwords constitute just one facet of authentication. The increasing importance of Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) emerged as a second layer of defence to enhance overall security.

  • “Mac Users Are Immune to Malware”

There existed a misconception that users of macOS were immune to malware and other cyber threats. While macOS may have faced fewer threats than Windows, it was by no means impervious. Cybercriminals adapt, and as the popularity of Macs increased, so did the interest in targeting them.

  • “Incognito Mode Ensures Anonymity”

Some users incorrectly believed that utilizing incognito mode in web browsers rendered them completely anonymous and secure. In reality, incognito mode primarily prevents local browsing history from being stored on the device but does not guarantee complete anonymity or protection from online tracking.

  • “Firewalls Make Systems Invincible”

There was a misbelief that installing a firewall meant a system was invincible to cyber threats. While firewalls are vital for network security, they represent just one layer of defence. Regular updates, patch management, and user education are equally pivotal.

  • “All Email Attachments Are Safe”

Users often mistakenly assumed that emails from known senders or familiar domains were always safe, leading to the misconception that all email attachments were harmless. However, phishing attacks often utilise seemingly legitimate emails with malicious attachments.

  • “Cybersecurity is Solely an IT Responsibility”

Another prevalent misconception was that cybersecurity rested solely on the shoulders of the IT department. In reality, cybersecurity constitutes a shared responsibility across all levels of an organization. Employees played a crucial role in maintaining a secure environment through awareness and adherence to security policies.

  • “Having a Backup Means Invulnerability to Ransomware”

Some individuals erroneously believed that having a backup of data rendered them invulnerable to ransomware attacks. However, the effectiveness of backups depended on the frequency of updates, the security of the backup environment, and the organization’s ability to swiftly restore operations.

  • “Smart Devices Are Secure by Default”

There was a misconception that smart devices (IoT devices) were inherently secure. In reality, many IoT devices exhibited vulnerabilities, and users often neglected to change default passwords or update firmware, making them appealing targets for attackers.

NOTE: Click to read cyber security myths and facts in detail.

What are the top Cyber Security challenges in IT?

What are the top Cyber Security challenges in IT?​

The top cyber security challenges in IT are as follows-

  • Cyber Threats and Attacks

The landscape of cyber threats continues to evolve, presenting a formidable challenge to cybersecurity. 

  1. Malware: Malicious software, in its constant state of evolution, poses a significant and ever-growing threat to digital security. 
  2. Ransomware: Ransomware, a particularly insidious form of cyber attack, involves the encryption of data by cybercriminals who then demand payment for its release, placing organizations and individuals at the mercy of extortion.
  3. Phishing: Phishing represents a deceptive tactic employed by cyber adversaries, who disguise themselves as trustworthy entities to obtain sensitive information. This insidious technique preys on unsuspecting individuals and underscores the importance of vigilance in identifying and thwarting such malicious efforts.
  • Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs)

Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs) represent a pinnacle of sophistication in cyber attacks. Orchestrated by well-funded and organized groups, these highly targeted assaults have specific objectives, posing a substantial risk to entities across various sectors.

  • Insider Threats

The specter of insider threats looms large, arising from the potential malicious or unintentional actions of employees, contractors, or business partners. Such risks emphasize the need for robust internal security measures and continuous monitoring to detect and mitigate potential threats from within.

  • Cloud Security Concerns

As organizations increasingly embrace cloud computing, securing data stored and processed in cloud environments becomes paramount. The shift to the cloud introduces new challenges and necessitates a proactive approach to address potential vulnerabilities and protect sensitive information.

  • Internet of Things (IoT) Security

The proliferation of Internet of Things (IoT) devices expands the attack surface, creating new avenues for cyber threats. The interconnected nature of these devices introduces vulnerabilities that require meticulous attention to ensure the security of networks and systems.

  • Supply Chain Attacks

Supply chain attacks represent a cunning strategy employed by cybercriminals to exploit vulnerabilities in the supply chain, compromising products or services. This method underscores the interconnectedness of digital ecosystems and the need for robust measures to secure the entire supply chain.

  • Lack of Security Awareness

Human error remains a persistent factor in cybersecurity incidents, highlighting the critical importance of continuous education and training to enhance security awareness. 

  • Inadequate Security Measures

Inadequate security measures, such as challenges in implementing firewalls, encryption, and access controls, contribute to the vulnerability of organizations to cyber threats.

  • Regulatory Compliance

Meeting and sustaining compliance with data protection and privacy regulations presents an ongoing challenge for organizations. Regulatory compliance is crucial for safeguarding sensitive information and maintaining the trust of stakeholders.

  • Security Patching and Updates

Timely application of security patches is imperative for addressing vulnerabilities, yet many organizations grapple with the challenge of keeping their systems up to date. 

  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) Threats

The rapid advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) technologies introduces new threats, including adversarial attacks and the potential misuse of these technologies for malicious purposes.

  • Cybersecurity Skills Gap

The demand for skilled cybersecurity professionals outstrips the available talent pool, resulting in a pervasive skills gap.

  • Incident Response and Recovery

Developing and maintaining effective incident response plans becomes crucial for organizations to minimize the impact of cyber attacks and facilitate a swift recovery. The evolving landscape of cyber threats underscores the ongoing importance of vigilance, adaptability, and collaboration in the realm of cybersecurity.

NOTE: Click to read cyber security fundamentals in detail.

What are the top cyber security certification training courses available to become a cybersecurity engineer?

What are the top cyber security certification training courses available to become a cybersecurity engineer?​

The top programs in cyber security as certification courses available to become a cybersecurity engineer are as follows-

The CEH certification is a globally recognized certification that teaches ethical hacking skills, equipping professionals with the knowledge to identify and counter vulnerabilities and threats. This training encourages individuals to adopt a hacker’s mindset, empowering them to protect systems and networks from cyberattacks and providing security solutions to defend cyber security threats.

The exam details for the CEH (v12) course are as follows-

Exam Name

Certified Ethical Hacker (312-50)

Exam Cost

USD 550

Exam Format

Multiple Choice

Total Questions

125 Questions

Passing Score

60% to 85%

Exam Duration

4 Hours



Testing Center

Pearson Vue

The CISSP certification is widely acknowledged by information security professionals on a global scale. It covers a range of the latest cyber security topics including access control, cryptography, and risk management, attesting to expertise in developing, implementing, and managing security programs prioritizing security concerns in IT.

The exam details for the CISSP training course are as follows-

Exam Name

ISC2 Certified Information Systems Security Professional

Exam Code 


Exam Cost

USD 749

Exam Duration

4 hours

Number of Questions


Exam Format

Multiple choice and advanced innovative questions

Passing Marks 

700/1000 points

Exam Language 


Testing Center 

(ISC)^2 authorized PPC, PVTC Select Pearson VUE tests

The CompTIA PenTest+ certification authenticates proficiency in penetration testing and vulnerability assessment. It focuses on hands-on approaches to identify and address security vulnerabilities, making it a perfect option for professionals seeking specialization in offensive security.

The exam details for the CompTIA PenTest+ course are as follows-

Exam Code


Number of Questions

A maximum of 85 questions

Exam Cost

USD 392

Type of Questions

Performance-based and multiple-choice

Length of Test

165 minutes

Passing Score 

750 (on a scale of 100-900)


English, Japanese, Portuguese and Thai

Testing Provider

Pearson VUE

The CompTIA Security + certification acts as an entry-level credential, covering essential security principles and practices of cyber defense security concepts. It validates comprehension in key areas like network security, cryptography, and threat detection, making it a great choice for beginners and those pursuing careers in IT security.

The exam details for the CompTIA Security+ course are as follows-

Exam Code


Number of Questions

A maximum of 90 questions

Type of Questions

MCQs and performance-based

Length of Test

90 minutes

Passing Score


Exam Cost

USD 392

Testing Provider

Pearson VUE


English, Japanese, Vietnamese, Thai, Portuguese

The CompTIA CySA+ certification is positioned as a mid-level credential that concentrates on threat detection and analysis. It equips professionals with the essential skills to effectively oversee, analyze, and address security incidents. This certification holds significant value for individuals in roles like security analysts and similar positions.

The exam details for the CompTIA CySA+ course are as follows-

Exam Name


Exam Code


Exam Cost

USD 392

Exam Format

MCQs and performance-based questions

Total Questions

85 questions

Passing Score


Exam Duration

165 minutes


English, Japanese, Portuguese, and Spanish

Testing Center

Pearson VUE

NOTE: Enroll on our Cybersecurity Master Program to excel in the digital era.

Network Kings offers a Cybersecurity Master Program comprising CEH (v12), Palo Alto Firewall, and CompTIA Pentest+ courses. Their details are as follows-

The CEH certification is a globally recognized certification that teaches ethical hacking skills, equipping professionals with the knowledge to identify and counter vulnerabilities and threats. This training encourages individuals to adopt a hacker’s mindset, empowering them to protect systems and networks from cyberattacks and providing security solutions to defend cyber security threats.

The exam details for the CEH (v12) course are as follows-

Exam Name

Certified Ethical Hacker (312-50)

Exam Cost

USD 550

Exam Format

Multiple Choice

Total Questions

125 Questions

Passing Score

60% to 85%

Exam Duration

4 Hours



Testing Center

Pearson Vue

If you are looking to prove your skills in setting up, handling, and fixing issues with PaloAlto Networks’ Next-Generation Firewalls, certification is a must. It is crucial for professionals who want to boost their abilities in safeguarding networks and implementing advanced security measures to tackle ever-changing cyber threats.

The exam details for the PaloAlto Firewall course are as follows-


Exam Code


Number of Questions

75 Questions

Exam Cost

USD 175

Type of Questions

Multiple Choice Questions & Multiple Response

Length of Test

80 Minutes

Passing Score 

Variable (70-80 / 100 Approx.)

Exam Level


Testing Provider

Pearson VUE


Exam Code


Number of Questions

50-60 Questions

Exam Cost

USD 155

Type of Questions

Multiple Choice Questions & Multiple Response

Length of Test

80 Minutes

Passing Score 

Variable (70-80 / 100 Approx.)

Exam Level


Testing Provider

Pearson VUE

The CompTIA PenTest+ certification authenticates proficiency in penetration testing and vulnerability assessment. It focuses on hands-on approaches to identify and address security vulnerabilities, making it a perfect option for professionals seeking specialization in offensive security.

The exam details for the CompTIA PenTest+ course are as follows-

Exam Code


Number of Questions

A maximum of 85 questions

Exam Cost

USD 392

Type of Questions

Performance-based and multiple-choice

Length of Test

165 minutes

Passing Score 

750 (on a scale of 100-900)


English, Japanese, Portuguese and Thai

Testing Provider

Pearson VUE

Where can I learn the top cyber security professional courses?

To learn the top cybersecurity skills in IT, you can choose Network Kings. Being one of the best ed-tech platforms you will get to enjoy the following perks-

  • Learn directly from expert engineers
  • 24*7 lab access
  • Pre-recorded sessions
  • Live doubt-clearance sessions
  • Completion certificate
  • Flexible learning hours
  • And much more.

What are the top available Cybersecurity job roles in IT?

What are the top available Cybersecurity job roles in IT?​

The top available cyber security job opportunities in IT are as follows-

  1. Security Architect
  2. Cybersecurity Analyst
  3. Information Security Manager
  4. Network Security Engineer
  5. Security Consultant
  6. Penetration Tester
  7. Security Software Developer
  8. Incident Responder
  9. Threat Intelligence Analyst
  10. Security Operations Center (SOC) Analyst
  11. Cryptographer
  12. Application Security Engineer
  13. Security Compliance Analyst
  14. Security Auditor
  15. Identity and Access Management (IAM) Engineer
  16. Forensic Analyst
  17. Security Researcher
  18. Malware Analyst
  19. Cloud Security Engineer
  20. Wireless Security Engineer

NOTE: Click to read about the cyber security jobs in detail.

What is the Cybersecurity Engineer's average salary in the IT industry?

The cybersecurity engineer’s average salary in the IT industry is as follows-

  1. United States: USD 90,000 – USD 150,000 per year
  2. United Kingdom: GBP 40,000 – GBP 80,000 per year
  3. Canada: CAD 80,000 – CAD 120,000 per year
  4. Australia: AUD 80,000 – AUD 120,000 per year
  5. Germany: EUR 60,000 – EUR 100,000 per year
  6. Singapore: SGD 70,000 – SGD 110,000 per year
  7. France: EUR 50,000 – EUR 90,000 per year
  8. India: INR 8,00,000 – INR 20,00,000 per year
  9. Japan: JPY 6,000,000 – JPY 10,000,000 per year
  10. Brazil: BRL 100,000 – BRL 200,000 per year
  11. South Africa: ZAR 400,000 – ZAR 800,000 per year
  12. UAE: AED 150,000 – AED 300,000 per year
  13. Sweden: SEK 500,000 – SEK 900,000 per year
  14. Netherlands: EUR 60,000 – EUR 100,000 per year
  15. Switzerland: CHF 100,000 – CHF 150,000 per year
  16. China: CNY 200,000 – CNY 500,000 per year
  17. South Korea: KRW 60,000,000 – KRW 120,000,000 per year
  18. Mexico: MXN 500,000 – MXN 1,000,000per year
  19. Russia: RUB 2,000,000 – RUB 5,000,000 per year
  20. Malaysia: MYR 80,000 – MYR 150,000 per year

NOTE: Click to read about the Top CEH Jobs for Freshers in detail.

Wrapping Up!

Take advantage of this opportunity to bolster your security measures and skills, seamlessly integrating them into your daily administrative responsibilities to stay ahead in the industry. If you are curious about the reasons to pursue a career in the field of cyber security, we suggest considering enrollment in our Cybersecurity Master Program and following the cyber security roadmap for beginners. 

This extensive program encompasses courses on CEH, PaloAlto Firewall, and CompTIA PenTest+ that prepare you with these relevant certifications exam as well. Should you have any queries or require assistance, don’t hesitate to connect with us through the comment section. Your questions are welcome, and we are here to offer support.

Happy Learning!